University of Edinburgh
 

Establishing and Developing Communication with young people who are multiply disabled and VI or who are multisensory impaired

Thursday 25 May 2006

In communication we share

Emotions
Theme
Expressions

Triadic - communicator and deafblind person share a 3rd element

Gesture
Person
Object

Potential communicative expressions can become communicative if the partner:

  • looks upon them as meaningful
  • discovers them
  • confirms them
  • tries to interpret them
  • and waits for the reaction of the deafblind person

The process of negotiation:

  • Negotiations are organised as small dialogues.
  • They follow a basic procedure in the co-construction of shared meaning and shared vocabulary.

Interpretation:

  • The partner suggests an interpretation to the deafblind person (usually imitation plus expansion).
  • The partner gives a turn; waits for the deafblind person to accept or reject this interpretation.

Accepting or rejecting:

The deafblind person accepts or rejects the suggested interpretation (appears as bodily behaviour; smiles or persists, protests, frowns, freezes).

What is the negotiation about?

  • The meaning of the expresions
  • Time aspect
  • The motive of the expressions: Converse about something, share thoughts (declarative function); want something, need help for something (imperative function).

Gestures emerging from experiences:

  • Iconic gestures (the body or the hands represent the mental image)
  • Metonymy (one part of the image represents the whole image)
  • Metaphor (abstract meaning - represented by concrete mental images - 'as if')
  • Localisation (pointing)
  • Emotional expressions and environmental sounds.