Improving BSL Skills Workshop - using non-manual features
Presented on 27 February 2002
Non-manual features in BSL
Non-manual features are used at different levels of BSL.
We need to know the form and function of the features, ie: what features are used and what they are used for.
|Various, eg: 'sh' lip pattern; puffed cheeks; sucked-in cheecks, etc||Inherent 'phonological' element of signs: as much a part of the sign as the handshape.||Multi-channel signs, eg: 'existence' signs; 'bang one's head againsta a brick wall'; negative markers such as 'vee' and 'th'. Part of the lexical resources of BSL.|
|'th'; 'sh'; puffed cheeks, tongue protrusion, etc.||Non-manual morphemes we can add to give information often given by adverbs (adverbials), adjectives and intensifiers in English.||Expressing meanings such as 'unpleasantly', 'carelessly', 'with difficulty', etc. Part of the morphological resources of BSL.|
|Furrowed eyebrows; raised eyebrows||'wh' questions; yes/no questions||Part of BSL syntax|
|Eyebrows raised, eyes wide open, head tilt||Marking the topic in topic-comment utterances||Part of BSL syntax|
|Body shift||Used to indicate who is being referred to, eg: in reported dialogue (role shift)||Park of discourse structure, ie: the level of language beyone the sentence. This tells us who is communicating.|
|Eye-gaze||To indicate the referent - ie: object or person being referred to||Park of BSL syntax|
Handout: Examples taken
from Sign 9: Non-manual features I
(Sign: a series of VHS bideotapes on BSL from the Edinburgh Research Project)
Handout: Extract from The visual world of BSL, showing phonological elements in 'that's right'; 'oh my God', 'bang one's head against a brick wall', 'saunter', 'could have happened', 'because', 'be', 'there'
Handout: Extract from The visual world of BSL, showing non-manual morphemes 'th', 'sh', 'ee', 'puffed cheeks', 'open wide', 'drawn in lips', 'puckered nose', 'downward droop'