University of Edinburgh

Causes of visual impairment and how they impact upon a child's education

Presented on Tuesday 6 November 2007


The visual problems which children can have due to disorders of the visual system vary in type and in degree.

Central vision is used to access information, both for near and for distance, while the peripheral visual field is used to plan and bring about movement of the upper and lower limbs and the body through visual guidance. The visual brain does both of these but is also responsible for recognising what is being looked at and giving attention to the subject of interest, particularly if there is a lot of clutter.

There are many visual disorders each of which has a different profile of visual problems. An understanding of these different conditions and how they impact upon vision, is needed to work out what cn and cannot be seen, and how to adapt the learning conditions for an affected child accordingly.

Target audience:  Teachers, additional support assistants and parents who work with children who are visually impaired.

Presenter: Prof Gordon Dutton, Consultant Paediatric Ophthalmologist