University of Edinburgh
 

Understanding the diagnosis: Childhood visually impairing conditions

Presented on Thursday 1 November 2007

Quick overview of Types and Causes Visual Impairment

Dr Andrew Blaikie, Consultant Ophthalmologist, Fife

How many children with VI?

  • Prevalence at least 20 per 10 000
  • In Scotland 1 000 000 children U16
  • Theoretically over 2000 children with VI

What are the causes of VI?

primary causes

Anatomical Site

anatomical site

Additional Disabilities

additional disabilities

Additional Disabilities & Anatomical Site

types of field loss

Characteristics of children with VI

  • Brain main cause
  • Have complex forms of VI
  • Tend to have other additional disabilities
  • Communication difficulties

For both reasons challenging to assess and understand what is really going on

Visual Acuity

visual acuity

visual acuity

Timing of cause of VI

conditions

visual acuity

graphic

Gender

gender

Summary

  • Brain
  • Additional Disabilities
  • Challenging
  • Often not registered/notified