Development and Supportive Interventions for Babies and Young Children with Visual Impairment
Presented on Thursday, 11 November 2010
Play - The Close up Approach
Mary Dallas, RNIB
Commenting, Connecting and Creating
- Putting into words the events and experiences that are happening.
- Describe your own and other's actions, interactions, expressions and feelings - what the other children are up to!
- Verbalise the child's feelings and expressions
- Tell the child what she/he looks like each day and also what everyone else looks like
- Pointing out links and providing structure.
- Making connections in her world, where people and toys are.
- Linking previous experiences with what is happening now and what will happen next.
- Explaining why children are behaving the way they are.
- Explaining appropriate social behaviours and the consequences of inappropriate behaviours eg; not 'looking' at a friend/adult or turning her back on other children.
Creating opportunities to maximise social interaction.
- Create secure and manageable small groups.
- Encourage children to interact directly with the child and not through an adult.
- Where children are able, encourage them to tell vi child what they are doing.
- Allow child to play on her own - allowing space for peers to approach her.
- Encourage lots of functional play - using toys or objects for pretend play and dramatic role play.
- Prompt child to verbalise preferences, share toys, choose friends to share activities with and put feelings about other children into words.
- Encourage child to imitate her friends by describing their actions and helping her to copy them - modelling of actions may be needed.
- Be one of the kids - get involved, when appropriate, in role play by way of prompting/supporting child.
- Create more opportunities to learn about feelings, expressions and gesture
- Encourage child to feel expressions on yours and her face - mouth and eyebrows are important.
- Use dolls with facial features/expressions that are feelable.
- Undertake tactile art work to create expressions.
- Draw attention to feelings of others in role play, books and stories.
Teach non-verbal skills and manners such as:
- Shaking head and nodding for yes/no
- Say "excuse me" when bumping into friends.