University of Edinburgh

AVT: Developing listening and speech in deaf children under the age of 5


Carr, Gwen
Communicating with your deaf child
NDCS, 2010
Produced to try to answer the many questions parents have asked NDCS about how to best support their child’s language and communication development from early days after the diagnosis and as their children grow.

Datta, Gill & Harbor, Diana
Cochlear implants for young children: Moving on - Book two: Listening and language
Ear Foundation, 2007
This book gives information and ideas to help develop listening and spoken language at home and in education. It aims to prepare families and professionals for children starting early years education with a cochlear implant.

Datta, Gill & Harrigan, Suzanne
Cochlear implants for young deaf children: Setting off with words
Ear Foundation, 2006
This book gives advice to parents and carers of babies and toddlers who have recently received a cochlear implant. It guides them through the practicalities of getting their child to use the implant and develop their listening and communication skills.

Datta, Gill; Harbor, Diana; Allen, Clare
STEPS from hearing to talking: sound support for families of young deaf children with cochlear implants
Ear Foundation, 2005
Looks at the developmental steps of children and gives advice on how to help develop good communication from the start for young deaf children. Section for babies with cochlear implants. Includes DVD, development record book and poster.

Department for Education and Skills (DfES)
Monitoring protocol for deaf babies and children
Dept for Education and Skills, 2004
Includes booklets: How to use this protocol; Level 2 materials; and folder of forms for recording development. Early Support Pilot Programme: ESPP29, ESPP30, ESPP31

Harrigan, Suzanne & Sheridan, Clare
Small talk: a package for families with a new deaf baby (2nd ed)
Ear Foundation, 2007
Informs and reassures families about communication at a time when they may be struggling to come to terms with the discovery that their baby is deaf. Includes DVD, booklet, fridge notes and discussion sheets.

Parsons, Stephen & Branagan, Anna
Language for thinking: a structured approach for young children
Speechmark, 2005
ISBN 9780863885754
Practical resource to use in the classroom to develop children's language and 'verbal' reasoning skills.

Pepper, Jan & Weitzman, Elaine
It takes two to talk: a practical guide for parents of children with language delays (3rd ed)
Hanen Centre, 2004
ISBN 0921145195
Includes easy-to-use checklists, practical guidelines for choosing communication goals and building foundations for literacy.

Petersen, Ole & Corell, Ib
Basic audiology
Oticon International, n.d.
Basic information about sound and hearing: the nature of sound; how sound originates; how it is transmitted; the anatomy of the ear; and how the ear and hearing centres of the brain perceive sound.

Rocca, Christine
Music time: a musical resource for deaf children
Ear Foundation, 2006
Resources to help develop music sessions with deaf children. Includes Booklet, DVD and CD.

Tait, Margaret & White, Alison
Chatting and singing with young deaf children: practical ideas and activities put into practice
Ear Foundation, 2006
Ideas for exploiting opportunities to improve the vocabulary of young deaf children who are beginning to learn vocabulary (eg after a cochlear implant)


Bakar, Zaharah Abu; Brown, P Margaret; Remine, Maria D
Sensitivity in interactions between hearing mothers and their toddlers with hearing loss: the effect of cochlear implantation
Deafness and Education International
March 2010, Vol 12 (1), p2-15
Looks at the parents' involvement in providing good communication input for their deaf child who accesses spoken language through hearing aids or a cochlear implant.

Brown, P Margaret & Paatsch, Louise
Beliefs, practices and expectations of oral teachers of the deaf
Deafness and Education International
Sept 2010, Vol 12 (3), p135-148
Compares the beliefs and practices of 28 oralist teachers of the deaf who employ either auditory verbal or auditory oral approaches.

Brown, P Margaret & Remine, Maria D
Building pretend play skills in toddlers with and without hearing loss: Maternal scaffolding styles
Deafness and Education International
2004, Vol 6 (3), p129-153
Research into the involvement of hearing mothers in their child's pretend play. Both hearing and deaf children are included in the study.

Brown, P Margaret; Bakar, Zaharah Abu; Rickards, Field W; Griffin, P
Family functioning, early intervention support, and spoken language and placement outcomes for children with profound hearing loss
Deafness and Education International
2006, Vol 8 (4), p207-226
Looks at how the family copes with having a deaf child and how they see the transition from early years support into primary education. Looks at language outcomes and placement decisions.

Brown, P Margaret; Rickards, Field W; Bortoli, Anna
Structures underpinning pretend play and word production in young hearing children and children with hearing loss
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Winter 2001, Vol 6 (1), p15-31
Looks at the relationship between pretend play and language development in young deaf children.

Hogan, Sarah ... [et al]
Evaluation of auditory verbal therapy using the rate of early language development as an outcome measure
Deafness and Education International
2008, Vol 10 (3), p143-167
One approach to developing spoken language in deaf children is evaluated using formal assessment methods.

Hogan, Sarah; Stokes, Jacqueline; Weller, Isobel
Language outcomes for children of low income families enrolled in auditory verbal therapy
Deafness and Education International
December 2010, Vol 12 (4), p204-216
Funding was provided for low income families to participate in Auditory Verbal (AV) courses to look at the effect that socio-economic status has on the efficacy of AV.

Rees, Rachel ... [et al]
Communication interventions for families of pre-school deaf children in the UK
Deafness and Education International
Jun 2015, Vol 17 (2), p88-100
Findings of survey to investigate the named approaches used by different professionals with young deaf children and their families.

Rhoades, Ellen A
Research outcomes of auditory-verbal intervention: is the approach justified?
Deafness and Education International
2006, Vol 8 (3), p125-143
A study of the effectiveness of the auditory-verbal communication approach with deaf children.

Ruggirello, Caterina & Mayer, Connie
Language development in a hearing and a deaf twin with simultaneous bilateral cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Sum 2010, Vol 15 (3), p274-286
Study of fraternal twins' language development from 6 months to 3 years old where one child has a profound hearing loss and received cochlear implants at 1 year old, the other child has normal hearing.

Yoshinaga-Itano, Christine
Principles and guidelines for early intervention after confirmation that a child is deaf or hard of hearing
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
April 2014, Vol 19 (2), p143-175
A new update of the position statement of the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing, the guidelines for early intervention for children who are deaf.


Jarzynski, Becca
Communication temptations: How use your environment to get your child talking [blog]
Child Talk, 12 July 2011
Discusses various strategies that parents can use to "tempt" their children to communicate.