University of Edinburgh
 

Introduction to Cochlear Implants

Books

Allum, Dianne J (Ed)
Cochlear implant rehabilitation in children and adults
Whurr, 1996
ISBN 1897635540
Collection of articles from Cochlear Implant clinics around the world on rehabilitation of both adult and child recipients and explores the various types of therapies in use.

Blume, Stuart
Artificial ear: cochlear implants and the culture of deafness
Rutgers University, 2010
ISBN 9780813546599
Traces the development of the cochlear implant from early explorations in the 1930's onwards and looks at its effect on recipients, communities and policy. The author is a parent of deaf children as well as a science academic and developed an interest in the technology over many years.

Christiansen, John B & Leigh, Irene W
Cochlear implants in children: ethics and choices
Gallaudet, 2002
ISBN 1563681161
Based on a survey of parents with children who have cochlear implants and follow-up interviews with the parents and the children themselves. The final section looks at the controversy that cochlear implants have created in the Deaf community and looks at the ethics of implanting young children without their consent.

Cochlear Implant Centre Teachers of the Deaf (ICTOD)
Working with children with cochlear implants: guidelines for teachers of the deaf
RNID, nd
Guidelines for teachers of the deaf working with newly implanted deaf children.

Datta, Gill & Harbor, Diana
Cochlear implants for deaf babies and toddlers: a sound start
Ear Foundation, 2006
This book gives advice to parents in the early stages after a cochlear implant operation and shares the experiences of other families. It guides them through the practicalities of getting their child to use the implant and develop their listening and communication skills.

Datta, Gill & Harbor, Diana
Cochlear implants for young children: Moving on - Book one: Early years education
Ear Foundation, 2007
Information for families and teachers to encourage working together. It aims to prepare families and professionals for children starting school with a cochlear implant.

Datta, Gill & Harbor, Diana
Cochlear implants for young children: Moving on - Book two: Listening and language
Ear Foundation, 2007
This book gives information and ideas to help develop listening and spoken language at home and in education. It aims to prepare families and professionals for children starting early years education with a cochlear implant.

Datta, Gill & Harrigan, Suzanne
Cochlear implants for young deaf children: Setting off with words
Ear Foundation, 2006
This book gives advice to parents and carers of babies and toddlers who have recently received a cochlear implant. It guides them through the practicalities of getting their child to use the implant and develop their listening and communication skills.

Heath, Alison; Kemp, Tricia; Byrnes, Richard
Cochlear implants: experiences of adults and children
NCIUA, 2010
New edition of "Cochlear implants: a collection of experiences of users of all ages" reporting on the experiences of cochlear implant recipients.

National Deaf Children's Society (NDCS)
Cochlear implants for children and young people: guidelines for professionals working with deaf children and young people
NDCS, 2005
Quality Standards series. Guidelines for professionals on cochlear implants for deaf children.

National Deaf Children's Society (NDCS)
Cochlear implants: a guide for families (rev ed)
NDCS, 2010
ISBN 9781907814044
A guide to cochlear implants for families. (Website registration required)
http://www.ndcs.org.uk/family_support/audiology/cochlear_implants/cochlear_implants.rma

National Deaf Children's Society (NDCS)
Cochlear implants: young people's views
NDCS & Ear Foundation, 2007
Research into young cochlear implant users' views of having a cochlear implant presented in soundbites.

Royal National Institute for Deaf People (RNID)
Children with cochlear implants: parental perspectives
RNID, [2006]
ISBN 0900634960
Responses to a parent questionnaire about children who had cochlear implants for 3 years.

Royal National Institute for Deaf People (RNID)
Working with children with cochlear implants: education guidelines project
RNID, 2003
ISBN 0900634987
Guidelines for teachers of the deaf and learning support assistants on working with deaf children in the classroom. Series: Education guidelines project

Scottish Cochlear Implant Programme
Teacher's guide: Scottish Cochlear Implant Programme
Scottish Cochlear Implant Programme, 2007
DVD of text slides (not video) from the Crosshouse Hospital cochlear implant programme, viewable on a DVD player or computer.

Tait, Margaret & White, Alison
Chatting and singing with young deaf children: practical ideas and activities put into practice
Ear Foundation, 2006
Ideas for exploiting opportunities to improve the vocabulary of young deaf children who are beginning to learn vocabulary (eg after a cochlear implant)

Thoutenhoofd, Ernst D ... [et al]
Paediatric cochlear implantation: evaluating outcomes
Whurr, 2005
ISBN 1861563663
Reviews research into the outcomes for deaf children who have received cochlear implants.

Articles

Anderson, Ilona ... [et al]
Validation of the Common Objects Token (COT) test for children with cochlear implants
Deafness and Education International
2005, Vol 7 (3), p154-170
Established complex listening skills tests are unsuitable for younger children fitted with cochlear implants. The Common Objects Token test has been developed to fulfil that function.

Archbold, Sue ... [et al]
Deciding to have a cochlear implant and subsequent after-care: parental perspectives
Deafness and Education International
2006, Vol 8 (4), p190-206
A survey of parents' views on the process of cochlear implantation.

Archbold, Sue & Mayer, Connie
Deaf education: the impact of cochlear implantation?
Deafness and Education International
March 2012, Vol 14 (1), p2-15
A review of the impact that cochlear implants have had on deaf education in terms of educational placement, communication choices and attainments.

Archbold, Sue M ... [et al]
Outcomes from cochlear implantation for child and family: parental perspectives
Deafness and Education International
2008, Vol 10 (3), p120-142
Parents of 101 children who had received cochlear implants were surveyed to discover how well the parents felt the implants had helped their children. This article reports the findings from the responses.

Arfe, Barbara ... [et al]
Analogic and symbolic comparison of numerosity in preschool children with cochlear implants
Deafness and Education International
March 2011, Vol 13 (1), p34-45
Looks at the differences between children who have cochlear implants and hearing children regarding their approach and skills with identifying number sets.

Bakar, Zaharah Abu; Brown, P Margaret; Remine, Maria D
Sensitivity in interactions between hearing mothers and their toddlers with hearing loss: the effect of cochlear implantation
Deafness and Education International
March 2010, Vol 12 (1), p2-15
Looks at the parents' involvement in providing good communication input for their deaf child who accesses spoken language through hearing aids or a cochlear implant.

Bass-Ringdahl, Sandie M
Relationship of audibility and the development of canonical babbling in young children with hearing impairment
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Summer 2010, Vol 15 (3), p287-310
A longitudinal investigation of vocalisation development in young deaf children. Looks at the emergence of babbling which consists of at least one vowel and one consonant and how the child's hearing loss affects this developmental milestone. All children in the study used hearing aids and were subsequently given cochlear implants during the course of the study.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Burkholder-Juhasz, Rose A; Levi, Susannah V; Dillon, Caitlin M; Pisoni, David B
Nonword repetition with spectrally reduced speech: some developmental and clinical findings from pediatric cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Fall 2007, Vol 12 (4), p472-485
Describes a test to assess phonological working memory which compares a group of young children with cochlear implants (CI) with a hearing adult group listening through a CI simulator.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Connor, Carol McDonald
Examining the communication skills of a young cochlear implant pioneer
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Fall 2006, Vol 11 (4), p449-460
A longitudinal case study of one of the first children to receive a cochlear implant in the US. The study follows the child from implantation at the age of 5 through primary and secondary education.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Cramer-Wolrath, Emelie
Sequential bimodal bilingual acquisition: mediation using a cochlear implant as a tool
Deafness and Education International
Sept 2013, Vol 15 (4), p201-221
A Swedish case-study of a deaf child of deaf parents who received a cochlear implant at about 3 years old. Looks at communication options and spoken language development alongside Swedish sign language.

Dammeyer, Jesper
Literacy skills among deaf and hard of hearing students and students with cochlear implants in bilingual/bicultural education
Deafness and Education International
Jun 2014, Vol 16 (2), p108-119
A study to evaluate the literacy skills of bilingual students who are deaf, hard of hearing or cochlear implant users.

Dammeyer, Jesper
Longitudinal study of pragmatic language development in three children with cochlear implants
Deafness and Education International
Dec 2012, Vol 14 (4), p217-232
A 4 year study of language development of three young children who have cochlear implants. Also includes issues such as peer interaction, theory of mind, psychosocial wellbeing and self-efficacy.

DesJardin, Jean L; Ambrose, Sophie E; Eisenberg, Laurie S
Literacy skills in children with cochlear implants: the importance of early oral language and joint storybook reading
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Winter 2009, Vol 14 (1), p22-43
Parents and children were recorded during storybook sessions and oral language skills were evaluated using the Reynell Developmental Language Scales.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Dillon, Caitlin M; de Jong, Kenneth; Pisoni, David B
Phonological awareness, reading skills, and vocabulary knowledge in children who use cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Spring 2012, Vol 17 (2), p205-226
A study that compares children's phonological awareness with their reading skills and vocabulary.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Duchesne, Louise; Sutton, Ann; Bergeron, Francois
Language achievement in children who received cochlear implants between 1 and 2 years of age: group trends and individual patterns
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Fall 2009, Vol 14 (4), p465-485
French study of deaf children who had received a cochlear implant between 1 and 2 years old. Receptive and expressive vocabulary and grammar in spoken French language was assessed and compared to hearing peers. Children ranged from 3.5 to 8 years old.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Edwards, Lindsey C
Children with cochlear implants and complex needs: a review of outcome research and psychological practice
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Sum 2007, Vol 12 (3), p258-268
Looks at the outcomes for children who have complex needs who have received a cochlear implant.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

English, Kris
Counselling challenges and strategies for cochlear implant specialists
Deafness and Education International
Sept 2010, Vol 12 (3), p129-134
Reviews some familiar counselling challenges for cochlear implant specialists such as disappointment in slower than expected progress and the effort involved in developing new listening skills for patients.

Ertmer, David J & Jung, Jongmin
Prelinguistic vocal development in young cochlear implant recipients and typically developing infants: year 1 of robust hearing experience
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Winter 2012, Vol 17 (1), p116-132
Study of the early vocalisations of recipients of cochlear implants.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Fagan, Mary K & Pisoni, David B
Hearing experience and receptive vocabulary development in deaf children with cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Spring 2010, Vol 15 (2), p149-161
This study investigated receptive vocabulary delay in deaf children with cochlear implants.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Fagan, Mary K; Pisoni, David B; Horn, David L; Dillon, Caitlin M
Neuropsychological correlates of vocabulary, reading and working memory in deaf children with cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Fall 2007, Vol 12 (4), p461-471
Looks at the variability of outcomes for young children with cochlear implants to identify suitability of candidates and educational programmes.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Geers, Ann E ... [et al]
Spoken language scores of children using cochlear implants compared to hearing age-mates at school entry
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Sum 2009, Vol 14 (3), p371-385
Looks at the spoken language development of young children with cochlear implants.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Gheysen, Freja; Loots, Gerrit; Van Waelvelde, Hilde
Motor development of deaf children with and without cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Spring 2008, Vol 13 (2), p215-224
Results from a study of the impact of a cochlear implant on the motor development of deaf children.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Giezen, Marcel R; Baker, Anne E; Escudero, Paola
Relationships between spoken word and sign processing in children with cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Jan 2014, Vol 19 (1), p107-125
A study of the impact of learning both spoken language and sign language for children with cochlear implants.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Guo, Ling-Yu; Spencer, Linda J; Tomblin, J Bruce
Acquisition of tense marking in English-speaking children with cochlear implants: a longitudinal study
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
April 2013, Vol 18 (2), p187-205
Looks at the development of English grammar in children with cochlear implants, specifically looking at the recognition and correct use of tenses (eg past tense).
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Huttunen, Kerttu & Valimaa, Taina
Parents' views on changes in their child's communication and linguistic and socioemotional development after cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Fall 2010, Vol 15 (4), p383-404
Young children who have a cochlear implant were studied to gauge the effect the implant has had on the communication and social aspects of the child's life. Annual questionnaires were sent to parents over a 5 year period.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Hyde, Merv; Punch, Renee; Komesaroff, Linda
Coming to a decision about cochlear implantation: parents making choices for their deaf children
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Spring 2010, Vol 15 (2), p162-178
Investigation of the experiences of parents making decisions about cochlear implants for their deaf children. Sources of information for decision making are discussed.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Ibertsson, Tina ... [et al]
Speech recognition, working memory and conversation in children with cochlear implants
Deafness and Education International
2009, Vol 11 (3), p132-151
A study of (spoken) conversational skills in children with cochlear implants.

James, Deborah; Rajput, Kaukab; Brinton, Julie; Goswami, Usha
Phonological awareness, vocabulary, and word reading in children who use cochlear implants: does age of implantation explain individual variability in performance outcomes and growth?
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Winter 2008, Vol 13 (1), p117-137
Looks at reasons for variable outcomes in using spoken language with children who have a cochlear implant.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Knoors, Harry & Marschark, Marc
Language planning for the 21st century: revisiting bilingual language policy for deaf children
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Summer 2012, Vol 17 (3), p291-305
Revisits bilingual language planning and policies for deaf children in light of recent growth in universal newborn hearing screening, digital hearing aids and cochlear implants.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Kushalnagar, Poorna ... [et al]
Intelligence, parental depression, and behavior adaptability in deaf children being considered for cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Sum 2007, Vol 12 (3), p335-349
Looks at the role of the parent-child relationship as a factor in the success of cochlear implantation. Early access to visual communication from the parent(s) is seen as important for the subsequent success of a cochlear implant.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Levesque, Elizabeth; Brown, P Margaret; Wigglesworth, Gillian
Impact of bimodal bilingual parental input on the communication and language development of a young deaf child
Deafness and Education International
Sept 2014, Vol 16 (3), p161-181
20 month long single case study of an Australian deaf child and his family looking at communication issues.

Lund, Emily & Schuele, Clare Melanie
Effects of a word-learning training on children with cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Jan 2014, Vol 19 (1), p68-84
Preschool children with cochlear implants participated in rapid word-learning training.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Marschark, Marc; Rhoten, Cathy; Fabich, Megan
Effects of cochlear implants on children's reading and academic achievement
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Sum 2007, Vol 12 (3), p269-282
This article reviews the available evidence concerning the effects of paediatric cochlear implantation on the development of reading skills and academic achievements.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Martin, Daniela; Bat-Chava, Yael; Lalwani, Anil; Waltzman, Susan B
Peer relationships of deaf children with cochlear implants: predictors of peer entry and peer interaction success
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Winter 2011, Vol 16 (1), p108-120
This study investigated factors that affect the development of positive peer relationships among deaf children with cochlear implants.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Most, Tova & Peled, Miriam
Perception of suprasegmental features of speech by children with cochlear implants and children with hearing aids
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Sum 2007, Vol 12 (3), p350-361
A study comparing the performance of cochlear implanted children with those using hearing aids in specific tests aimed at deciphering suprasegmental features (ie intonation, syllable stress, word emphasis and word pattern.)
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Most, Tova; Shina-August, Ella; Meilijson, Sara
Pragmatic abilities of children with hearing loss using cochlear implants or hearing aids compared to hearing children
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Fall 2010, Vol 15 (4), p422-437
This study looked at the spoken language abilities of children with hearing loss concentrating on appropriate use of language in context and other conversational skills.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Most, Tova; Wiesel, Amatzia; Blitzer, Tamar
Identity and attitudes towards cochlear implant among deaf and hard of hearing adolescents
Deafness and Education International
2007, Vol 9 (2), p68-82
Authors surveyed teenagers with cochlear implants to discover how they thought of their "identity", ie, deaf, hearing, bicultural, marginal.

Nunes, Terezinha; Pretzlik, Ursula; Ilicak, Selin
Validation of a parent outcome questionnaire from pediatric cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Fall 2005, Vol 10 (4), p330-356
Analysis of a questionnaire devised for parents to complete following their child receiving a cochlear implant.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Ramirez Inscoe, Jayne; Odell, Amanda; Archbold, Susan; Nikolopoulos, Thomas
Expressive spoken language development in deaf children with cochlear implants who are beginning formal education
Deafness and Education International
2009, Vol 11 (1), p39-55
Considers the possible implications for educational management of children with cochlear implants, children's language was assessed using STASS.

Raver, Sharon A ... [et al]
Using a child-specific social story to improve communication and social skills in two preschoolers with cochlear implants: an exploratory classroom case study
Deafness and Education International
June 2013, Vol 15 (2), p117-125
Use of a personalised story to encourage two young children with cochlear implants to communicate socially during unstructured play sessions.

Ruggirello, Caterina & Mayer, Connie
Language development in a hearing and a deaf twin with simultaneous bilateral cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Sum 2010, Vol 15 (3), p274-286
Study of fraternal twins' language development from 6 months to 3 years old where one child has a profound hearing loss and received cochlear implants at 1 year old, the other child has normal hearing.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Spencer, Linda J & Guo, Ling-Yu
Consonant development in pediatric cochlear implant users who were implanted before 30 months of age
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Jan 2013, Vol 18 (1), p93-109
Spoken language production was assessed in children with cochlear implants received before they were 30 months old over a 4 year period.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Swanwick, Ruth & Tsverik, Isabel
Role of sign language for deaf children with cochlear implants: good practice in sign bilingual settings
Deafness and Education International
2007, Vol 9 (4), p214-231
Looks at the role of sign language with children who have received cochlear implants. Special Issue: Sign Language and Deaf Education

Thoutenhoofd, Ernst
Cochlear implanted pupils in Scottish schools: 4-year school attainment data (2000-2004)
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Spring 2006, Vol 11 (2), p171-188
Looks at the achievements of deaf pupils who have received a cochlear implant.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

van Unen, Aleida
Parents' choice for cochlear implants and biculturalism
Deaf Worlds
2007, Vol 23 (2&3), pS161- S164
Hearing parents of a deaf child describe how they have tried to allow their child who has a cochlear implant to make the most of his hearing and his deafness by encouraging use of sign language in certain situations and part-time attendance at a deaf school.

Vermeulen, Anneke M ... [et al]
Reading comprehension of deaf children with cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Sum 2007, Vol 12 (3), p283-302
50 deaf children with at least 3 years of cochlear implant use were evaluated for reading comprehension and word recognition.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Watson, Linda M & Gregory, Susan
Non-use of cochlear implants in children: child and parent perspectives
Deafness and Education International
2005, Vol 7 (1) p43-58
Looks at 5 cases where children are not using their cochlear implants and the reasons for this.

Watson, Linda M; Hardie, Tim; Archbold, Sue M; Wheeler, Alexandra
Parents' views on changing communication after cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Winter 2008, Vol 13 (1), p104-116
A questionnaire was sent out to families of all children given a cochlear implant at a particular centre asking about communication choices and strategies since the cochlear implantation.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Weisel, Amatzia; Most, Tova; Michael, Rinat
Mothers' stress and expectations as a function of time since child's cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Winter 2007, Vol 12 (1), p55-64
A study of how families cope with the expectations and stresses relating to their child's cochlear implantation.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Wheeler, Alexandra ... [et al]
Cochlear implants: the young people's perspective
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Sum 2007, Vol 12 (3), p303-316
A survey of the first cohort of young people to have grown up using cochlear implants along with more recent implantees, aged 13-17. Respondents were asked about their attitudes to the device, to education, communication and deaf identity.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Wiefferink, Carin H ... [et al]
Emotion understanding in deaf children with a cochlear implant
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
April 2013, Vol 18 (2), p175-186
A comparative study of young children with cochlear implants with those who have no hearing loss to measure their emotional recognition and understanding.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Zaidman-Zait, Anat
Parenting a child with a cochlear implant: a critical incident study
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Spring 2007, Vol 12 (2), p221-241
A study of the experiences which helped parents of children who have received cochlear implants.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Zaidman-Zait, Anat & Young, Richard A
Parental involvement in the habilitation process following children's cochlear implantation: an action theory
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Spring 2008, Vol 13 (2), p193-214
Looks at the effect of parents' involvement in the habilitation of deaf children with cochlear implants.
http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/

Websites

British Cochlear Implant Group
http://www.bcig.org.uk/
[Cited 27/05/2015]
A professional body representing all the Cochlear Implant Centres and other specialist medical practitioners in the UK.

National Cochlear Implant Users Association
http://www.nciua.org.uk/
[Cited 27/05/2015]
Association that represents all Cochlear Implant users in the United Kingdom.