The materials on this list are available from
Bibliography - Update on Cochlear Implants
Allum, Dianne J (Ed)
Cochlear implant rehabilitation in children and adults
Collection of articles from Cochlear Implant clinics around the world on rehabilitation of both adult and child recipients and explores the various types of therapies in use.
Artificial ear: cochlear implants and the culture of deafness
Rutgers University, 2010
Traces the development of the cochlear implant from early explorations in the 1930's onwards and looks at its effect on recipients, communities and policy. The author is a parent of deaf children as well as a science academic and developed an interest in the technology over many years.
Christiansen, John B & Leigh, Irene W
Cochlear implants in children: ethics and choices
Based on a survey of parents with children who have cochlear implants and follow-up interviews with the parents and the children themselves. The final section looks at the controversy that cochlear implants have created in the Deaf community and looks at the ethics of implanting young children without their consent.
Cochlear Implant Centre Teachers of the Deaf (ICTOD)
Working with children with cochlear implants: guidelines for teachers of the deaf
Guidelines for teachers of the deaf working with newly implanted deaf children.
Heath, Alison; Kemp, Tricia; Byrnes, Richard
Cochlear implants: experiences of adults and children
New edition of "Cochlear implants: a collection of experiences of users of all ages" reporting on the experiences of cochlear implant recipients.
National Deaf Children's Society (NDCS)
Cochlear implants for children and young people: guidelines for professionals working with deaf children and young people
Quality Standards series. Guidelines for professionals on cochlear implants for deaf children.
National Deaf Children's Society (NDCS)
Cochlear implants: a guide for families (rev ed)
A guide to cochlear implants for families.
National Deaf Children's Society (NDCS)
Cochlear implants: young people's views
NDCS & Ear Foundation, 2007
Research into young cochlear implant users' views of having a cochlear implant presented in soundbites.
Royal National Institute for Deaf People (RNID)
Children with cochlear implants: parental perspectives
Responses to a parent questionnaire about children who had cochlear implants for 3 years.
Royal National Institute for Deaf People (RNID)
Working with children with cochlear implants: education guidelines project
Guidelines for teachers of the deaf and learning support assistants on working with deaf children in the classroom. Series: Education guidelines project
Thoutenhoofd, Ernst D ... [et al]
Paediatric cochlear implantation: evaluating outcomes
Reviews research into the outcomes for deaf children who have received cochlear implants.
Anderson, Ilona ... [et al]
Validation of the Common Objects Token (COT) test for children with cochlear implants
Deafness and Education International 2005, Vol 7 (3), p154-170
Established complex listening skills tests are unsuitable for younger children fitted with cochlear implants. The Common Objects Token test has been developed to fulfill that function.
Archbold, Sue ... [et al]
Deciding to have a cochlear implant and subsequent after-care: parental perspectives
Deafness and Education International 2006, Vol 8 (4), p190-206
A survey of parents' views on the process of cochlear implantation.
Archbold, Sue M ... [et al]
Outcomes from cochlear implantation for child and family: parental perspectives
Deafness and Education International 2008, Vol 10 (3), p120-142
Parents of 101 children who had received cochlear implants were surveyed to discover how well the parents felt the implants had helped their children. This article reports the findings from the responses.
Archbold, Sue M ... [et al]
Parents and their deaf child: their perceptions three years after cochlear implantation
Deafness and Education International 2002, Vol 4 (1), p12-40
Parents of 30 children who had received cochlear implants were surveyed 3 years after the implantation. This article shows the findings from the responses.
Archbold, Sue & Robinson, Ken
Cochlear implantation, associated rehabilitation services and their educational implications: the UK and Europe
Deafness and Education February 1997, Vol 21 (1), p34-41
Results from a survey of cochlear implant centres in the UK and in Europe and charts the different attitudes and experiences between countries. Discusses educational implications of cochlear implants as perceived by the implant centre staff.
Archbold, Sue; Robinson, Ken; Hartley, David
UK teachers of the deaf: working with children with cochlear implants (survey)
Deafness and Education June 1998, Vol 22 (2), p24-30
Survey of BATOD members asking about experience of and attitudes to cochlear implantation.
Arfé, Barbara ... [et al]
Analogic and symbolic comparison of numerosity in preschool children with cochlear implants
Deafness and Education International March 2011, Vol 13 (1), p34-45
Looks at the differences between children who have cochlear implants and hearing children regarding their approach and skills with identifying number sets.
Bakar, Zaharah Abu; Brown, P Margaret; Remine, Maria D
Sensitivity in interactions between hearing mothers and their toddlers with hearing loss: the effect of cochlear implantation
Deafness and Education International March 2010, Vol 12 (1), p2-15
Looks at the parents' involvement in providing good communication input for their deaf child who accesses spoken language through hearing aids or a cochlear implant.
Burkholder-Juhasz, Rose A; Levi, Susannah V; Dillon, Caitlin M; Pisoni, David B
Nonword repetition with spectrally reduced speech: some developmental and clinical findings from pediatric cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Fall 2007, Vol 12 (4), p472-485
Describes a test to assess phonological working memory which compares a group of young children with cochlear implants (CI) with a hearing adult group listening through a CI simulator.
Connor, Carol McDonald
Examining the communication skills of a young cochlear implant pioneer
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Fall 2006, Vol 11 (4), p449-460
A longitudinal case study of one of the first children to receive a cochlear implant in the US. The study follows the child from implantation at the age of 5 through primary and secondary education.
SCoD News Summer/Autumn 2012, No 26, p6-7
A round up of speakers at the June meeting of SCoD's National Council. Perspectives were given from Health professionals and a deaf adult.
Cochlear implants: are they really a threat to the deaf community?
Deaf Worlds 2007, Vol 23 (1), p1-17
A discussion of each side of the debate on the ethical issues surrounding cochlear implants.
Study of collaboration between the implant professionals and local educators in the rehabilitation of children with cochlear implants
Deafness and Education June 1997, Vol 21 (2), p3-9
Survey of staff from cochlear implant centres and interviews with local teachers of the deaf to ascertain the support offered by implant teams to education professionals.
Edwards, Lindsey C
Children with cochlear implants and complex needs: a review of outcome research and psychological practice
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Summer 2007, Vol 12 (3), p258-268
Looks at the outcomes for children who have complex needs who have received a cochlear implant.
Ertmer, David J & Jung, Jongmin
Prelinguistic vocal development in young cochlear implant recipients and typically developing infants: year 1 of robust hearing experience
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Winter 2012, Vol 17 (1), p116-132
Study of the early vocalisations of recipients of cochlear implants.
Fagan, Mary K; Pisoni, David B; Horn, David L; Dillon, Caitlin M
Neuropsychological correlates of vocabulary, reading and working memory in deaf children with cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Fall 2007, Vol 12 (4), p461-471
Looks at the variability of outcomes for young children with cochlear implants to identify suitability of candidates and educational programmes.
Hogan, Anthony D
Miracles are not so easy to come by: critical issues concerning the development of cochlear implant technology
Deaf Worlds March 1998, Vol 14 (1), p10-23
An overview of the early and growing use of cochlear implants. Describes the development of the technology and benefits to patients as well as reported adverse effects and failures.
Holm, Mariann; Frischmuth, Sabine; Vinter, Shirley
Hearing aids or cochlear implant? Criteria for evaluating the hearing abilities of deaf children aged 1-2 years: an introductory paper
Deafness and Education 1998, Vol 22 (3), p9-17
Looks at how children are evaluated to be considered for a cochlear implant or hearing aids. A study of three children forms the basis for future work in this area.
Hyde, Merv & Power, Des
Some ethical dimensions of cochlear implantation for deaf children and their families
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Winter 2006, Vol 11 (1), p102-111
Looks at the range of information given to parents of newly identified deaf children on their future possibilities. This is particularly relevant with the advent of widely accessible cochlear implant programs.
James, Deborah; Rajput, Kaukab; Brinton, Julie; Goswami, Usha
Phonological awareness, vocabulary, and word reading in children who use cochlear implants: does age of implantation explain individual variability in performance outcomes and growth?
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Winter 2008, Vol 13 (1), p117-137
Looks at reasons for variable outcomes in using spoken language with children who have a cochlear implant.
Klieve, S & Jeanes, R C
Perception of prosodic features by children with cochlear implants: is it sufficient for understanding meaning differences in language?
Deafness and Education International 2001, Vol 3 (1), p15-37
Looks at the understanding that deaf children who have cochlear implants of the effect of intonation and rhythm on spoken communication and outlines an intervention programme to improve comprehension.
Kushalnagar, Poorna ... [et al]
Intelligence, parental depression, and behavior adaptability in deaf children being considered for cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Summer 2007, Vol 12 (3), p335-349
Looks at the role of the parent-child relationship as a factor in the success of cochlear implantation. Early access to visual communication from the parent(s) is seen as important for the subsequent success of a cochlear implant.
Lundberg, Sarah & Lundberg, Robert
Whole new world for Amie
NDCS Magazine Autumn 2006, No 3, p31-33
The story of one family's experience of choosing to give their child a cochlear implant.
Marschark, Marc; Rhoten, Cathy; Fabich, Megan
Effects of cochlear implants on children's reading and academic achievement
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Summer 2007, Vol 12 (3), p269-282
This article reviews the available evidence concerning the effects of paediatric cochlear implantation on the development of reading skills and academic achievements.
Martin, Daniela; Bat-Chava, Yael; Lalwani, Anil; Waltzman, Susan B
Peer relationships of deaf children with cochlear implants: predictors of peer entry and peer interaction success
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Winter 2011, Vol 16 (1), p108-120
This study investigated factors that affect the development of positive peer relationships among deaf children with cochlear implants.
Most, Tova & Peled, Miriam
Perception of suprasegmental features of speech by children with cochlear implants and children with hearing aids
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Summer 2007, Vol 12 (3), p350-361
A study comparing the performance of cochlear implanted children with those using hearing aids in specific tests aimed at deciphering suprasegmental features (ie intonation, syllable stress, word emphasis and word pattern.)
Most, Tova; Wiesel, Amatzia; Blitzer, Tamar
Identity and attitudes towards cochlear implant among deaf and hard of hearing adolescents
Deafness and Education International 2007, Vol 9 (2), p68-82
Authors surveyed teenagers with cochlear implants to discover how they thought of their "identity", ie, deaf, hearing, bicultural, marginal.
Nikolopoulos, Thomas; Wells, Pauline; Archbold, Sue M
Using Listening Progress Profile to assess early functional auditory performance in young implanted children
Deafness and Education International 2000, Vol 2 (3), p142
Describes a profile for monitoring the progress of young children receiving cochlear implants.
Nunes, Terezinha; Pretzlik, Ursula; Ilicak, Selin
Validation of a parent outcome questionnaire from pediatric cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Fall 2005, Vol 10 (4), p330-356
Analysis of a questionnaire devised for parents to complete following their child receiving a cochlear implant.
Ramirez Inscoe, Jayne; Odell, Amanda; Archbold, Susan; Nikolopoulos, Thomas
Expressive spoken language development in deaf children with cochlear implants who are beginning formal education
Deafness and Education International 2009, Vol 11 (1), p39-55
Considers the possible implications for educational management of children with cochlear implants, children's language was assessed using STASS.
Ruggirello, Caterina & Mayer, Connie
Language development in a hearing and a deaf twin with simultaneous bilateral cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Summer 2010, Vol 15 (3), p274-286
Study of fraternal twins' language development from 6 months to 3 years old where one child has a profound hearing loss and received cochlear implants at 1 year old, the other child has normal hearing.
Deafblind people's experiences of cochlear implantation
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2006, Vol 24 (1) p19-29
Describes the experiences of 5 adults who have both a hearing and visual impairment of varying degrees.
Individual differences in language performance after cochlear implantation at One to Three years of age: child, family and linguistic factors
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Fall 2004, Vol 9 (4), p395-412
A study of a small group of children in Australia who were given their cochlear implants before they were three years old. Reports on the communication skills of those children.
Swanwick, Ruth & Tsverik, Isabel
Role of sign language for deaf children with cochlear implants: good practice in sign bilingual settings
Deafness and Education International 2007, Vol 9 (4), p214-231
Looks at the role of sign language with children who have received cochlear implants. Special Issue: Sign Language and Deaf Education
Cochlear implants and deaf children: the debate in the United States
Journal of British Association of Teachers of the Deaf 1996, Vol 20 (1), p24-31
Looks at the controversy in the USA surrounding the introduction of cochlear implants for deaf children.
Cochlear implanted pupils in Scottish schools: 4-year school attainment data (2000-2004)
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Spring 2006, Vol 11 (2), p171-188
Looks at the achievements of deaf pupils who have received a cochlear implant.
van Unen, Aleida
Parents' choice for cochlear implants and biculturalism
Deaf Worlds 2007, Vol 23 (2&3), pS161- S164
Hearing parents of a deaf child describe how they have tried to allow their child who has a cochlear implant to make the most of his hearing and his deafness by encouraging use of sign language in certain situations and part-time attendance at a deaf school.
Vermeulen, Anneke M ... [et al]
Reading comprehension of deaf children with cochlear implants
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Summer 2007, Vol 12 (3), p283-302
50 deaf children with at least 3 years of cochlear implant use were evaluated for reading comprehension and word recognition.
Watson, Linda M & Gregory, Susan
Non-use of cochlear implants in children: child and parent perspectives
Deafness and Education International 2005, Vol 7 (1) p43-58
Looks at 5 cases where children are not using their cochlear implants and the reasons for this.
Watson, Linda M; Hardie, Tim; Archbold, Sue M; Wheeler, Alexandra
Parents' views on changing communication after cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Winter 2008, Vol 13 (1), p104-116
A questionnaire was sent out to families of all children given a cochlear implant at a particular centre asking about communication choices and strategies since the cochlear implantation.
Weisel, Amatzia; Most, Tova; Michael, Rinat
Mothers' stress and expectations as a function of time since child's cochlear implantation
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Winter 2007, Vol 12 (1), p55-64
A study of how families cope with the expectations and stresses relating to their child's cochlear implantation.
Wheeler, Alexandra ... [et al]
Cochlear implants: the young people's perspective
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Summer 2007, Vol 12 (3), p303-316
A survey of the first cohort of young people to have grown up using cochlear implants along with more recent implantees, aged 13-17. Respondents were asked about their attitudes to the device, to education, communication and deaf identity.
Parenting a child with a cochlear implant: a critical incident study
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Spring 2007, Vol 12 (2), p221-241
A study of the experiences which helped parents of children who have received cochlear implants.
Zaidman-Zait, Anat & Jamieson, Janet R
Searching for cochlear implant information on the internet maze: implications for parents and professionals
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Fall 2004, Vol 9 (4), p413-426
Investigates the disseminators and content of frequently accessed websites on cochlear implants.
Zaidman-Zait, Anat & Young, Richard A
Parental involvement in the habilitation process following children's cochlear implantation: an action theory
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education Spring 2008, Vol 13 (2), p193-214
Looks at the effect of parents' involvement in the habilitation of deaf children with cochlear implants.