University of Edinburgh

Quality Assurance of Assessment Arrangements for Deaf and Visually Impaired Candidates


Language of examinations (2nd ed)
BATOD, 2003
ISBN 0903502097
Recommendations for the modification of examination papers for deaf candidates. It is also intended to allow teachers and support staff to become more familiar with the principles of modification.

Cobb, Rory & Webb, Vernon
Well prepared: making exam papers work for learners with sight problems (2nd ed)
RNIB, 2010
ISBN 9781444500752
Guidance for teachers who modify examinations for candidates with visual impairment. Examples of modifications to exam papers are restricted to large print, however similar principles would apply to other formats, such as Braille.

Scottish Qualifications Authority (SQA)
Assessment arrangements explained: information for centres
Scottish Qualifications Authority, 2010
Assessment arrangements allowed by SQA are explained in this document. (Revised 2016)

Scottish Qualifications Authority (SQA)
Using sign in SQA exams
Scottish Qualifications Authority, 2010
Guidelines relating to the use of sign language in SQA examinations.


Buultjens, Marianna; Aitken, Stuart; Ravenscroft, John; Carey, Kevin
Size counts: the significance of size, font and style of print for readers with low vision sitting examinations
British Journal of Visual Impairment
January 1999, Vol 17 (1), p5-10
Looks at how quickly and accurately students with low vision can read a variety of text sizes and styles.

Cawthon, Stephanie W
Science and evidence of success: two emerging issues in assessment accommodations for students who are deaf or hard of hearing
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Spring 2010, Vol 15 (2), p185-203
US standardised assessments are now applied to deaf and hard of hearing pupils. This study looks at the adaptations and arrangements decided upon by teachers and the reasoning behind these decisions. Concentrates on science as a new compulsory area for the assessments.

Cobb, Rory
Access to exams: teachers, are you ready?
Sep/Oct 2010, No 29, p27-28
At the start of a new academic year the RNIB's curriculum access expert Rory Cobb examines the main policies and practices for exam arrangements.

Qi, Sen & Mitchell, Ross E
Large-scale academic achievement testing of deaf and hard-of-hearing students: past, present, and future
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Winter 2012 Vol 17 (1), p1-18
Looks at how pupils who are deaf cope with the Stanford Achievement Test which is a nationwide testing programme in the USA.

Simpson, Paul
Making exams fairer for deaf pupils
NDCS Magazine
Winter 2009, No 15, p40-41
Issues to consider when approaching examinations with pupils who are deaf.

Steer, Michael; Gale, Gillian; Gentle, Frances
Taxonomy of assessment accommodations for students with vision impairments in Australian schools
British Journal of Visual Impairment
May 2007, Vol 25 (2), p169-177
Outlines the provision of adjustments to examinations and assessments for students with visual impairments in Australia.


Education Scotland
Supporting national qualifications
Education Scotland[Accessed: 06/05/2013]
Official information about National qualifications, curriculum areas, subjects, support for National 2, course materials, professional focus papers, exam preparation, sharing practice, and professional development relating to the new qualifications.

Scottish Qualifications Authority (SQA)
Assessment arrangements
Scottish Qualifications Authority, 2015
Assessment arrangements allow candidates who are disabled, and/or have been identified as having additional support needs, appropriate arrangements to access the assessment without compromising its integrity. Website to SQA guidance.