University of Edinburgh

Sharing Practice - Supporting blind children and babies (0-5) and their families


Brambring, Michael
Lessons with a child who is blind: development and early intervention in the first years of life
Blind Children's Fund, 1998
Presents an account of one family's experiences in rearing their daughter Christina who is congenitally blind.

Department for Education and Skills (DfES)
Developmental journal for babies and children with visual impairment [Early Support Pilot Programme]
Dept for Education and Skills, 2006
Designed for use by families to record the progress of their visually impaired child.  It includes advice on what to expect, helps identify problems and provides practical ideas on how to progress to the next stage.

Drifte, Collette
Encouraging positive behaviour in the early years: a practical guide (2nd ed)
Sage, 2008
ISBN 9781847873750
Practical strategies, good advice and clear and helpful suggestions to encourage good behaviour from every child, with particular emphasis on children with special educational needs.  Accompanied by a CD-ROM.

Drifte, Collette
Special needs in early years settings: a guide for practitioners
David Fulton, 2001
ISBN 1853468568
This book provides reader-friendly information about the Special Educational Needs Code of Practice and what it means for the Early Years practitioner.

Dunlop, Aline-Wendy ... [et al]
Positive behaviour in the early years: perceptions of staff, service providers and parents in managing and promoting positive behaviour in early years and early primary settings
University of Strathclyde, 2008
ISBN 9780755918102
Research into the behaviour of young children.

Gold, Deborah
Finding a new path: guidance for parents of young children who are visually impaired or blind
Canadian National Institute for the Blind, 2002
ISBN 0921122381
Intended as a tool for parents to help them gain confidence in raising a child who has a visual impairment and as such covers all the main areas that parents will encounter including coping with the diagnosis, dealing with families and friends, child development and education.

Gold, Deborah & Tait, Anne (Eds)
Strong beginning: a sourcebook for health and education professionals working with young children who are visually impaired or blind
Canadian National Institute for the Blind, 2004
ISBN 0921122071
A sourcebook of information about visual impairment and how it affects the development of young children.

Harrell, Lois & Akeson, Nancy
Preschool vision stimulation: it's more than a flashlight!
AFB, 1987
ISBN 0891281363
Developmental perspectives for visually and multi-handicapped infants & preschoolers. Demonstrates procedures for early vision stimulation infancy to 4 years.

Haughton, Liz & Mackevicius, Sandie
I'm posting the pebbles: active learning through play for children who are blind or vision impaired
RVIB, 2001
ISBN 0949390585
Different types of play & activities are examined and suggested for good learning opportunities for children who have visual impairments.

Learning and Teaching Scotland
Birth to three: supporting our youngest children
LT Scotland, 2005
ISBN 184399061X
General guide for parents of young children and professionals who work with young children.

Mathieson, Kay
Social skills in the early years: supporting social and behavioural learning
Paul Chapman, 2005
ISBN 9781412902601
A user-friendly book offering strategies and advice on how to help young children develop their social, emotional and behavioural skills.

McDonald, Mary
Setting out: practical ideas for parents of children with sight problems
RNIB, 2002
ISBN 1858785286
Guide for parents about creating a loving and stimulating environment for children with sight problems.

McDonald, Mary
Which way? A guide for parents of children with multiple disabilities
RNIB, 2003
ISBN 1858785278
Part of the RNIB's Early years series of publications focusing on the more complex issues that can arise for children with sight problems who have other special needs.

Miles, Chris
Cycle of observation, assessment and planning: a guide for early years practitioners
Children in Scotland, 2013
ISBN 9781901589825
A resource based on a training course which aims to encourage early years practitioners to help young children develop along the lines of the curriculum for excellence outcomes.

Misso, Nicola
Guide to orientation and mobility for young children with vision impairments
RVIB, 2001
ISBN 0949390410

Mortimer, Hannah
Sensory difficulties: identifying and supporting needs, activities covering early learning goals, working with parents (Special needs in the early years)
Scholastic, 2002
ISBN 059053565X
Series: Special needs in the early years.  Help on how to recognise hearing or vision problems and what activities are appropriate and useful in an early years setting for children with sensory impairments

Murdoch, Heather
Early intervention for children who are deafblind
Sense, 2002
Short report that summarises the effects of deafblindness on early development and considers the implications for intervention programmes.

Nicholson, Linda
Analysis of responses to the children and young people bill consultation
Scottish Government Social Research, 2012
ISBN 9781782562641
The Children and Young People Bill will set out fundamental reforms to the way services for children and young people are designed, delivered and reviewed. This reports on the consultation responses to the proposals.

Nielsen, Lilli
Early learning, step by step in children with vision impairment and multiple disabilities (3rd ed)
SIKON, 2001
ISBN 8775460513
Outlines the "Active Learning" method where environmental intervention can help children with MDVI achieve motor skills etc.

Nielsen, Lilli
Functional & instruction scheme: the visually impaired child's early abilities, behaviour and learning
SIKON, 1990
ISBN 8750386115
Assessment scheme for the development of children with visual impairments.

Nielsen, Lilli
Functional scheme: Levels: 0-48 months
SIKON, 2000
ISBN 8760188933
A tool for assessing the developmental levels of a learner who irrespective of age and/or handicap(s) has developed to a level between birth and 48 months.

Pogrund, Rona L & Fazzi, Diane L
Early focus: working with young children who are blind or visually impaired and their families (2nd ed)
AFB, 2002
ISBN 0891288562
A comprehensive guide to early years (up to age 5) for children with visual impairments.

Raynor, Sherry & Drouillard, Richard
Get a wiggle on: a guide for helping visually impaired children grow (2nd ed)
Blind Children's Fund, 1996
This booklet has been prepared to assist those who are in contact with blind or visually impaired infants.  It contains suggestions which will be helpful in assisting these children, early in their lives, to grow and learn like other children.

Raynor, Sherry & Drouillard, Richard
Move it!!!: a guide for helping visually impaired children grow (2nd ed)
Blind Children's Fund, 1997
A sequel to "Get a wiggle on." RN 3216

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Braille for infants: a preschool and infant level reading scheme: teacher's handbook (rev ed)
RNIB, 2006
Describes a reading scheme and activities for young children beginning to learn Braille.

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Focus on foundation: including children with impaired vision in early years settings
RNIB, 2001
ISBN 1858785073
Practical ideas for the successful inclusion of children with impaired vision in early years settings including reception classes.

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Your first steps: a guide for parents of children with sight problems
RNIB, 2002
ISBN 185878526X
This books updates and combines two former RNIB early years publications: "Getting started" and "Help for you and your child"

Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind
Babies like me: a guide for parents of babies who have other disabilities as well as a vision impairment
RVIB, 2002
ISBN 0949390593
A short guide told from the baby's point of view for new parents of a visually impaired child. Adapted from "Getting it all together" by Margaret Bull

Sandall, Susan R & Schwartz, Ilene S
Building blocks for teaching preschoolers with special needs (2nd ed)
Paul H Brookes, 2008
ISBN 9781557669674
A guidebook to fully including children with disabilities in early childhood classrooms.  Examples illustrated by stories of disabled children with Down's, language & social delays, cerebral palsy and autism. Includes CD-ROM of printable forms.

Scott, Eileen P; Jan, James E; Freeman, Roger D
Can't your child see: a guide for parents and professionals about young children who are visually impaired (3rd ed)
Pro-Ed, 1995
ISBN 0890796041
A useful and easy to read guide for parents and professionals about early years of visually impaired children and on through to school years.

Scottish Government
Guide to getting it right for every child
Scottish Government, 2012
Overview of the practice model set forth by the Scottish Government for ensuring that Scotland's children get the best start in life.

Scottish Government Social Research
Perspectives on early years services: qualitative research with service users
Scottish Government, 2008
ISBN 9780755972272
Qualitative research with parents, carers and children to explore their views and experiences of early interventions, early years services and support for families of young children.

Sugden, Janis (ed)
Early years visual impairment education: a retrospective
Scottish Sensory Centre, 2012
In 2007, SSC established a working group of professionals with an interest in early years and visual impairment, stressing the importance of early intervention and the requirement for ongoing collaboration between parents, teachers and other professionals. This booklet was drawn together from contributions from the group.

Wall, Kate
Special needs and early years: a practitioners guide (2nd ed)
Paul Chapman, 2006
ISBN 9781412929493
Aimed at early years' practitioners, professionals dealing with children with special needs and their families.

Warren, David H
Blindness and children: an individual differences approach
Cambridge U P, 1994
ISBN 052145719X
Summary and interpretation of research into the development of visually impaired children.


SSC, RNIB Scotland, Royal Blind School
Let me play: early years play for children with visual impairment
Scottish Sensory Centre, 2014
This resource offers an insight into the opportunities for learning that play provides to young children with visual impairment. Several children were filmed in their homes and early years settings and their parents talk about their experiences.


Buultjens, Marianna ... [et al]
Low vision in early intervention: an interdisciplinary approach [Comenius project]
University of Dortmund, 2001
Compilation of electronic texts on low vision and early intervention.  Includes Vision for Doing by Stuart Aitken and Marianna Buultjens

Assessment Materials

Nielsen, Lilli
FIELA curriculum: 730 learning environments = The flexible individual enriched level appropriate curriculum
SIKON, 1998
ISBN 8760175338
Comprises a book, a catalogue and a velcro board, made to ensure that the child with one or several disabilities can access an individual learning programme which will match a child's developmental level, learning needs and interests.


Bailey, Gail
Toilet training with children who are blind or have very little vision
Jan/Feb 2008, No 13, p40-42
Advice for helping visually impaired children to become toilet trained.

Bain, Linda & Bisson, Angie
Making early mobility matter (part one)
March/April 2011, No 32, p9-12
Considers the important role of parents and carers in helping children to develop good early mobility and independence skills.

Bain, Linda & Bisson, Angie
Making early mobility matter (part two)
May/June 2011, No 33, p20-23
Considers the important role of parents and carers in helping children to develop good early mobility and independence skills. Includes meaningful experiences, staying safe and risk-taking.

Brackenridge, Elaine & Sugden, Janis
Introducing braille: taking the risk
Sept/Oct 2011, No 35, p27-29
Discusses the first steps to beginning braille with young children.

Cuthbert, Janet
Changing our view of early years development: Oregon and the Journal
Mar/Apr 2008, No 14, p36-39
Staff at a service in Leeds explore combining use of Oregon with the newer Early Support Developmental Journal for babies and children with VI.

Daelman, Marlene
Early communication
Eye Contact
Summer 1997, No 18, p18-20
Discusses theories on the development of communication with children who are deafblind or have multiple disabilities and reports on work being carried out in Europe.

Dale, Naomi & Salt, Alison
Social identity, autism and visual impairment (VI) in the early years
British Journal of Visual Impairment
May 2008, Vol 26 (2), p135-146
Explores how visual impairment might impact on early social and emotional development including self-awareness and communication with others.

Evans, Gwynneth
Pre-requisites to movement
May/Jun 2007, No 9, p35-37
Practical ways for families to encourage early movement in their very young visually impaired children.

Fellows, Janice
Fantastic fingers
Jan/Feb 2010, No 25, p26-28
Pre-braille skills for young visually impaired children

Garscadden, Moira & Fox, Linda
Grade 1 Braille in the spotlight
May/Jun 2008, No 15, p20-22
Focus on grade 1 Braille for early literacy learning.

Haylott, Vicky
Hands and ears
Nov/Dec 2007, No 12, p20-22
A mother describes life with her 2 year old son.  The family are all blind.

Hinton, Ronald
First introductions to tactiles
British Journal of Visual Impairment
November 1991, Vol 9 (3), p79-82
Blind pupils are sometimes expected to make sense of tactile pictures without a period of pre-picture reading activity which is vital to understanding.  Discusses ways of introducing very young blind children to tactile pictures.

Jennings, Julie
Early attachment: the role of key person and key worker
Jan/Feb 2010, No 25, p36-38
Explores the role of the key worker in developing early social skills in young children who are visually impaired.

Jennings, Julie
Involving parents in the early years
Nov/Dec 2009, No 24, p13-14
Describes three pieces of RNIB research related to families of young children with a visual impairment including a review of the Developmental Journal.

King, Liz & Bathie, Fiona
Squeaky shoes: motivating young children to move
May/Jun 2007, No 9, p31-34
Two families try out "squeaky shoes" on their young visually impaired children to see the impact this has on their child's motivation to walk.

Kish, Daniel
Canes mean freedom: part one
Jul/Aug 2010, No 28, p38-40
Daniel Kish explains his ideas and methods for teaching cane use with very young children.

Kish, Daniel
Canes mean freedom: part two
Sept/Oct 2010, No 29, p39-42
Daniel Kish explains his ideas and methods for teaching cane use with very young children.  Includes a parent's perspective on her child's training with Daniel Kish.

Lappin, Grace
Infant massage: a strategy to promote self-efficacy in parents of blind infants
British Journal of Visual Impairment
Sept 2006, Vol 24 (3), p145-149
Infant massage is promoted as a method for parents to improve confidence in dealing with their blind child and improve communication between them.

McCormack, Gwyneth
Making concept development fun
May/Jun 2014, No 51, p32
Ideas for using a multipurpose hanger for a variety of early learning opportunities.

Naish, Lucy
Doing it by the board
Mar/Apr 2007, No 8, p30-32
Use of a resonance board to facilitate communication with a young child with visual impairment and complex needs.

Scott, Bronwen
I'm starting to walk: I can use a cane
May/Jun 2007, No 9, p24-26
In Western Australia, children who are blind start mobility training as soon as they begin to walk.

Toman, Anna
It's in the bag!
Nov/Dec 2009, No 24, p10-12
Early years scheme to collect relevant information in one wallet which is kept by the family with the BookStart pack, includes calendar of events, Developmental Journal extracts, functional vision assessment etc and is taken to all relevant meetings.