University of Edinburgh
 

Webinar: Early Assessment of Vision in Babies and Young Children

Books

Aitken, Stuart ... [et al]
Teaching children who are deafblind: contact, communication and learning
David Fulton, 2000
ISBN 1853466743
Update of CONTACT resource. Covers a range of issues relating to the education of deafblind children.

Aitken, Stuart & Buultjens, Marianna
Vision for doing: assessing functional vision of learners who are multiply disabled (Sensory Series No 2)
Moray House Publications, 1992
ISBN 0901580392
Result of 4-year study based on research & in-service work from schools, adult training centres etc. For all who work with young VI & multiply disabled people. Sensory Series No 2.

Aitken, Stuart & Millar, Sally
Listening to children 2004
Sense Scotland & CALL Centre, 2004
ISBN 1898042268
Practical materials for anyone who wants to listen to and find out the views of children who have communication disabilities. Comprises a book and a CD-ROM.

Bloom, Ylana
Object symbols: a communication option
North Rocks Press, 1990
About the use of object symbols to develop early requesting behaviour in non-verbal students.

Buultjens, Marianna & McLean, Heather
Cerebral palsy and visual impairment (CPVI) in children: experience of collaborative practice in Scotland
Scottish Sensory Centre, 2003
ISBN 0954603605
Explores the collaborative working between professionals involved in the lives of children with cerebral palsy and visual impairments (CPVI). Provides detailed information on CPVI.
http://www.ssc.education.ed.ac.uk/resources/vi&multi/cpvi/cpvi.html

Dale, F J
Stimulation guide: a sourcebook of suggestions and activities for multi-sensory impaired children and others with developmental difficulties
Woodhead Faulkner, 1990
ISBN 0859416305
A useful sourcebook of suggestions and activities aimed at increasing the physical and psychological development of multi-sensory impaired children.

Goodman, Stephen A & Wittenstein, Stuart H
Collaborative assessment: working with students who are blind or visually impaired, including those with additional disabilities
AFB, 2003
ISBN 0891288694
Looks at ways in which you can obtain valid assessments of students who are visually impaired and suggests ways to foster collaboration among professionals responsible for those assessments.

Goold, Louise & Hummell, Jill
Supporting the receptive communication of individuals with significant multiple disabilities: selective use of touch to enhance comprehension
North Rocks Press, 1993
ISBN 0949050040

Goold, Louise; Borbilas, Phyllis; Clarke, Annette; Kane, Carol
Addressing the communication needs of the individual with significant impairments: an ideas kit
North Rocks Press, 1993
ISBN 0949050032
A visual guide to ideas for helping children with communication problems.

Hyvarinen, Lea
Assessment of low vision for educational purposes and early intervention: Part II: visually impaired children with other disabilities
Precision Vision, 1997
ISBN 952519602X
An overview of assessing vision in children with other disabilities such as deafblindness, developmental delays, motor disabilities, brain damage and learning disabilities.

Hyvarinen, Lea
Identification and assessment of low vision for educational purposes in developing countries Part 1
Precision Vision, 1997
Cat No: 2805

Hyvarinen, Lea
Vision testing manual: 1995-1996
Precision Vision, 1995
Cat No: 2803 International course for Low Vision therapists

Hyvarinen, Lea & Lindstedt, Eva
Assessment of vision in children
SRF Tal & Punkt, 1981
Review of methodology with particular reference to the early identification of visual impairments and the evaluation of visual function in children with impaired vision and/or multiple handicaps.

Hyvarinen, Lea; Gimble, Lindsay; Sorri, Martti
Assessment of vision and hearing of deaf-blind persons
RVIB, 1990
ISBN 0949390119

Lee, Mary & MacWilliam, Lindi
Learning together: a creative approach to learning for children with multiple disabilities and a visual impairment (2nd ed)
RNIB, 2008
ISBN 9781858785318
How to create an active learning environment for children with MDVI. This book explains and illustrates methods that have been developed over many years, with children of all ages, at the Royal Blind School, Edinburgh.

Lindstedt, Eva
How well does a child see? a guide on vision and vision assessment in children (2nd ed)
ELISYN, 1997
ISBN 9187062046
Outlines methods for assessing functional vision of a child irrespective of additional disabilities.

Lueck, Amanda Hall (ed)
Functional vision: a practitioner's guide to evaluation and intervention
AFB, 2004
ISBN 0891288716
To help professionals gain a better understanding of methods used to evaluate and work with functional vision.

McDonald, Mary
Which way? A guide for parents of children with multiple disabilities
RNIB, 2003
ISBN 1858785278
Part of the RNIB's Early years series of publications focusing on the more complex issues that can arise for children with sight problems who have other special needs.

McLinden, Mike & McCall, Stephen
Learning through touch: supporting children with visual impairment and additional difficulties
David Fulton, 2002
ISBN 185346841X
Written to assist teachers and other professionals who support children with visual impairment and additional disabilities, this text examines the role of touch in teaching and learning.

Millar, Sally
Personal communication passports: guidelines for good practice
CALL Centre, 2003
ISBN 1898042217
Personal passports are a device for aiding communication with people who have communication difficulties. This book outlines key principles of making and using passports and provides some examples taken from real passports.

Nielsen, Lilli
Are you blind?
SIKON, 1990
ISBN 8750382705
Promotion of the development of children who are especially developmentally threatened.

Nielsen, Lilli
Early learning, step by step in children with vision impairment and multiple disabilities (3rd ed)
SIKON, 2001
ISBN 8775460513
Outlines the "Active Learning" method where environmental intervention can help children with MDVI achieve motor skills etc.

Nielsen, Lilli
Educational approaches for visually impaired children
SIKON, 1992
ISBN 8750395688
Designed for teachers, psychologists, parents, pre-school teachers and others who are involved in caring for visually impaired children.

Nielsen, Lilli
Functional scheme: Levels: 0-48 months
SIKON, 2000
ISBN 8760188933
A tool for assessing the developmental levels of a learner who irrespective of age and/or handicap(s) has developed to a level between birth and 48 months.

Nielsen, Lilli
Space and self: active learning by means of the Little Room (2nd ed)
SIKON, 2003
ISBN 8775462060
Designed for teachers, parents, psychologists and others who in some way are involved in caring for multiply disabled children.

Ockelford, Adam
Objects of reference: promoting early symbolic communication (3rd ed)
RNIB, 2002
ISBN 1858785294
Promoting concept development and communication skills with visually impaired children who have learning difficulties.

Porter, Jill & Pease, Laura
Developing whole school policies to meet the needs of pupils with multiple disability and visual impairment: Improving provision for children with multiple disabilities and visual impairments
RNIB, 1998
ISBN 1858781426
Improving provision for children with multiple disabilities and visual impairments pack

Porter, Jill & Wrench, Kay
Supporting learning for pupils with visual impairment and multiple disability: technology and other resources: Improving provision for children with multiple disabilities and visual impairments
RNIB, 1998
ISBN 1858781426
Improving provision for children with multiple disabilities and visual impairments pack

Royal National Institute for the Blind & VITAL
Approaches to working with children with multiple disabilities and a visual impairment
RNIB / VITAL, 1998
ISBN 1858781469
The pack was put together by a group of professionals from the VITAL curriculum group in response to requests for information about specialist strategies and techniques for working with multi-disabled visually impaired children. Includes chapters on Communication, Sensory Stimulation, Environmental Clues and a Meaningful Curriculum.

Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind
Babies like me: a guide for parents of babies who have other disabilities as well as a vision impairment
RVIB, 2002
ISBN 0949390593
A short guide told from the baby's point of view for new parents of a visually impaired child. Adapted from "Getting it all together" by Margaret Bull

Sacks, Sharon Z & Silberman, Rosanne K
Educating students who have visual impairments with other disabilities
Paul H Brookes, 1998
ISBN 1557662800
A hands-on resource, this book provides invaluable information for professionals who serve students who have visual impairments with other disabilities and their families from infancy to adulthood. Practical suggestions for students with deafblindness, learning, orthopaedic or neurological disabilities and emotional and behaviour problems.

Smith, Audrey J & Cote, Karen Shane
Look at me: a resource manual for the development of residual vision in children with multiple disabilities
Pennsylvania College of Optometry, 1982
Aimed for use with children who have a visual impairment or who are multiply disabled and visually impaired. The program describes visual stimulation techniques by use of case studies.

Southwell, Catherine
Assessing functional vision: children with complex needs
RNIB, 2003
ISBN 1858785987

University of Birmingham. School of Education
Developing effective practice in the use of low vision aids for children with multiple disabilities and a visual impairment: Final report for the Nuffield Auxilliary fund
University of Birmingham, 2001
ISBN 0704423111
Final report for the Nuffield Auxilliary fund

Wyman, Rosalind
Making sense together: practical approaches to supporting children who have multisensory impairments
Souvenir Press, 2000
ISBN 0285635107
Update and partial rewrite of "Multiply handicapped children"

DVDs

Lee, Mary & MacWilliam, Lindi
Movement, gesture and sign: an interactive approach to sign communication for children who are visually impaired with additional disabilities
Moray House Institute of Education, 1996
Describes an approach to communication developed by staff at Royal Blind School, Edinburgh. Illustrates how a child can develop skills in movement sessions & gradually acquire a sign system specially adapted for VI children.

Assessment Materials

Hyvarinen, Lea
3-d symbol set
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2516 Double-sided board with four symbol blocks

Hyvarinen, Lea
9 line horizontal translucent distance chart
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2523 Distance chart, instruction sheet and set of symbol cards

Hyvarinen, Lea
9 line wide spaced translucent distance chart
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2505 Distance chart, instruction sheet and set of symbol cards

Hyvarinen, Lea
Cone adaptation test
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2529 15 Colour chips and instruction sheet

Hyvarinen, Lea
Crowded symbol book
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2507 Symbol book, instruction booklet and set of symbol cards

Hyvarinen, Lea
Enhancement of low contrast vision game
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2528 4 packs of 16 low contrast domino cards and instruction sheet

Hyvarinen, Lea
Heidi expressions: test game (low contrast, facial recognition)
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2545 Includes three sets of 18 pictures (full contrast, 10 percent contrast and 2.5 percent contrast) and instruction sheet

Hyvarinen, Lea
Hiding Heidi: low contrast "face" test
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2535 Includes 4 plastic cards and instructions

Hyvarinen, Lea
Lea gratings (visual acuity test)
Precision Vision, n.d.
Includes 4 paddles: 0.0cpcm; 0.25-0.5cpcm; 1.0-2.0cpcm; 4.0-8.0cpcm and an instruction leaflet

Hyvarinen, Lea
Lea gratings: fixation paddles
Precision Vision, n.d.
Includes large, medium and small (x3) paddles: 0.25cpcm; 0.4cpcm; 1.0cpcm gratings on one side for preferential looking and 'Heidi' face on reverse. Features include corneal diameter measurement on the handle.

Hyvarinen, Lea
Lea symbol screener (contrast sensitivity, near vision and distance vision)
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2522 Screener charts, manual, recording forms and set of symbol cards

Hyvarinen, Lea
Pocket-sized near vision card
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2509 (Same as 2508 except smaller) Card and instruction booklet

Hyvarinen, Lea
Quantitative color vision test: PV-16
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2603 16 Colour discs, 17 restriction rings, recording forms and manual (one set has clear perspex box)

Hyvarinen, Lea
Single symbol book
Precision Vision, n.d.
Cat No: 2506 Symbol book, instruction booklet and set of symbol cards

Kinsley-Crisp, Ronald
Do you have a child with a visual dysfunction in your classroom?
JAG Enterprises, 1998
Manual and assessment kit for use by teachers in mainstream schools who have children with learning difficulties and/or behavioural problems, but who are not regarded as visually impaired. Kit includes eye dominance, distance & near vision, colour and paper glare tests and coloured overlays.

Nielsen, Lilli
FIELA curriculum: 730 learning environments = The flexible individual enriched level appropriate curriculum
SIKON, 1998
ISBN 8760175338
Comprises a book, a catalogue and a velcro board, made to ensure that the child with one or several disabilities can access an individual learning programme which will match a child's developmental level, learning needs and interests.

Articles

Bell, Judy; Naish, Lucy; Stalker, Louise
Integrated approach to vision assessment and recording
Insight
Sept/Oct 2011, No 35, p19-21
Describes systems for co-ordinating vision assessment results for people who have complex needs.

Brown, David
Assessment of visual functioning in children with complex multiple disabilities
Eye Contact
Summer 1998, No 21, p5-7
Advises on functional vision assessments for children with multiple disabilities.

Gense, Marilyn & Gense, D Jay
Jumping in ... : some basic principles to guide the educational team in assessing children with autism spectrum disorders and visual impairments
Insight
Jan/Feb 2007, No 7, p18-20
An overview of assessing children with autism and visual impairments.

Little, Suzanne
Putting assessment into everyday practice
Insight
Jan/Feb 2007, No 7, p15-17
Describes one school's multidisciplinary approach to assessment based on the "Vision for Doing" assessment tool.

Morse, Mary
Teaching children with cortical visual impairment
Eye Contact
Summer 2001, No 30, p10-12
Discusses the characteristics of CVI and teaching strategies to help support pupils with this condition.

Nielsen, Lilli
Communication: a basic part of active learning
Information Exchange
Spring 2010, Vol 80, p16-18
Lilli describes her groundbreaking work into communication with children who are visually impaired with additional disabilities.

Southwell, Catherine
See for yourself: observing the visual skills of young children and those with communication difficulties
Insight
Jan/Feb 2007, No 7, p11-14
Explores the challenge of assessing the functional vision of children who have communication difficulties.

Websites

Nielsen, Lilli
Ideebanken
Lilli Nielsen, n.d.
A4 lever-arch file of photographs and descriptions of toys and resources for use with visually impaired children. Now digitised on the SSC Website.
http://www.ssc.education.ed.ac.uk/library/idebanken/list.html