University of Edinburgh

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Bibliography - Music & Visual Impairment


Cooper, Ian
Read sing and play: for the music teachers who wish to help their blind pupils learn the Braille Music Code (3rd ed)
Glenn Publications, 1994
ISBN 0646193368
Teacher's handbook to accompany the Braille edition.

Corke, Margaret
Approaches to communication through music
David Fulton, 2002
ISBN 1853468436
One of the ways forward when working with those who have little or no speech, or limited comprehension of language, is to use music. This is a practical guide that contains lots of ideas and original activities for the specialist and non-specialist alike.

Hoare, Bob & Hoskins, Rosamund
Music education for the visually impaired child: a compendium of articles from Braille Music Magazine, with supplementary material
RNIB, 1993

Ludlow, John
Blind to the facts: an exploration of the needs of the blind and visually impaired musician
Inner Visions, 1995
A report prepared for the Inner Visions Music Company. Edited by Agnes Meadows.

McPhail, Pete
Soundbeam in special education: movement into music
Soundabout, [2003]
Soundbeam is a musical instrument which can be played by children with special needs through use of movement in space from very minimal such as eye movements through to dancing. This book allows teachers to get the most from their equipment.

Ockelford, Adam
All join in! a framework for making music with children and young people who are visually impaired and have learning disabilities
RNIB, 1996
ISBN 1858780810
A set of 24 songs which offer a framework for music-making with children and young people who are visually impaired and have other disabilities. Comprises an A4 folder, a booklet of music notation and an audio CD.

Ockelford, Adam
Music and visually impaired children
RNIB, 1992
Some notes for the guidance of teachers.

Ockelford, Adam
Music in large print
RNIB, 1994
ISBN 1858780268

Ockelford, Adam
Music matters: factors in the music education of children and young people who are visually impaired
RNIB, 1996
ISBN 1858780713

Ockelford, Adam
Music moves: music in the education of children and young people who are visually impaired and have learning disabilities
RNIB, 1998
ISBN 1858781523
Includes Supplement 1998/99 by Sally-Anne Zimmermann

Streeter, Elaine
Making music with the young child with special needs: a guide for parents
Jessica Kingsley, 1993
ISBN 1853021873

Welch, Graham F; Ockelford, Adam; Zimmerman, Sally-Anne
Provision of music in special education (PROMISE): a report on a research project funded by the Esmée Fairbairn Trust with support from the RNIB
RNIB, 2001
ISBN 1858785057
The purpose of this research project has been to investigate the nature of music education provision for pupils with severe learning difficulties (SLD) or profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD).

Wesseling, Lisette
Focus on Braille music
Musicians in Focus Ltd, 2004
ISBN 0954850300
A practical guide to the use of Braille for the notation of music.

Zimmermann, Sally-Anne
Instrumental music: factors in learning musical instruments for children and young people who are visually impaired
RNIB, 1998
ISBN 1858781531


Brown, Ann
Twinkle: a musical stimulation video for young people with severe disabilities
Soundabout, [2001]
Twinkle's slow pace and deliberate silences between episodes give the young viewer a chance to absorb the story in separate chunks.  Images and music start and stop together enhancing listening and looking skills.


Making music
Insight May/June 2006, No 3, p38-40
Three siblings with visual impairments take up music classes at the Youth Music Centre in London.

Arter, Christine & Hill, David Lavelle
Listening in: music for students with a visual impairment
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 1999, Vol 17 (2), p60-63
Improving general listening skills using music and some exploration of music therapy as a way to improve self-esteem.

Clark, Ann & Murphy, Frank
Teaching music to the visually impaired student in a standard school setting
British Journal of Visual Impairment Sept 1998, Vol 16 (3), p117-122
Considers the kinds of information a music teacher may require to cope with the needs of a visually impaired student in a mainstream setting.

Corke, Margaret
Interactive music: developing social communication skills
Eye Contact Autumn 2004, No 40, p6-8
Using music to develop communication skills with children who have complex and multiple learning difficulties.

Hall, Jan
Doing it for themselves
Eye Contact Autumn 2004, No 40, p19-21
Using switches and adaptive technology to create music.

Hinchcliffe, Janet
Vibroacoustic breakthrough
Eye Contact Autumn 2004, No 40, p25-27
Sandall Wood School in Doncaster use a new vibroacoustic board to help motivate pupils and aid communication.

Hunt, Catherine
Beat that!
Eye Contact Spring 2005, No 41, p23-25
Making music fun and accessible for children with profound and multiple learning difficulties.

Jackson, Michael
Moon system adapted for musical notation
British Journal of Visual Impairment Autumn 1987, Vol 5 (3), p93-97
Outlines how moon can be used to represent musical notation.

Lloyd, Pat
Music sessions for a nursery class
Eye Contact Autumn 2004, No 40, p22-24
Tips for running music sessions for children with profound and moderate learning difficulties.

Ockelford, Adam
Music therapy or music education?
Eye Contact Autumn 2005, No 43, p23-27
Clarifies the difference between the music therapy and music education to allow parents and teachers to choose appropriately for children who are visually impaired and have multiple disabilities.

Ockelford, Adam ... [et al]
Sounds of intent
Eye Contact Autumn 2004, No 40, p16-18
A project looks at tracking the development musicality in children with profound and moderate learning difficulties.

Oyston, Janet & Thomas, Naomi
Enjoying multisensory music
Eye Contact Autumn 2004, No 40, p9-11
Ideas for using music in a multisensory class of children with profound and severe learning difficulties.

Pring, Linda & Ockelford, Adam
Children with septo-optic dysplasia: musical interests, abilities and provision: the results of a parental survey
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 2005, Vol 23 (2), p58-66
Looks at how autistic spectrum disorders can manifest in children who have visual impairments.

Ridley, Louise
Music therapy approach, evoking spontaneous movement from people with dual-sensory impairment
Journal of British Music Therapy 1987, Vol 1 (1), p25-27
Use of music and movement to encourage increased activity levels in very passive deafblind people.

Simmonds, Sue
Resonance boards: simple communication through sound
Eye Contact Autumn 2004, No 40, p16-18
Musical opportunities for children who have very limited movement though use of resonance boards.

Stanfield, Caroline & Zimmerman, Sally
Music and communication
Insight Nov/Dec 2007, No 12, p10-12
Describes work with children developing communication through music

York, Liz
Music therapy
Eye Contact Autumn 2005, No 43, p19-22
How music therapy can help facilitate communication with children who are visually impaired and have multiple disabilities.


Curriculum Close-up: Issue 12 (RNIB)
RNIB, 1999-
Copies freely available from RNIB.  Telephone 0870 042 9554.


Bibliography – Art and Visual Impairment


Arts Council of England
Arts and disability
Arts Council of England, 1997
Directory of organisations working in this area.  In reference collection.

Axel & Levent Elisabeth Salzhauer, Nina Sobol
Art beyond sight: a resource guide to art, creativity and visual impairment
Art Education for the Blind & AFB, 2003
ISBN 0891288503
A guide to art for people who are visually impaired including creating art, making traditional artworks accessible in museums, etc, and teaching art history.

Eriksson, Yvonne
Tactile pictures: pictorial representations for the blind 1784-1940
Göteborg University, 1998
ISBN 9173463299
Series: Gothenburg studies in Art and Architecture; 4

Fukurai, Shiro
How can I make what I cannot see?
Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1974
ISBN 0442224907
A teacher of visually impaired children in Japan describes their progress in making sculptures and paintings.

Laoutari-Gritzala, Anna
Blind children paint: international exhibition centre of children's paintings in Greece
Institute of Pharmaceutical Research & Technology, 2006
A fully illustrated "exhibition" of paintings created by blind children across the world.

Nishimura, Yohei [translated by Junko Wachi]
Let's make what we've never seen,
Kaisei-Sha, 1984
ISBN 4039632303
Artwork in clay by visually impaired students in Japan.  In Japanese but fully illustrated and a translation is appended.

Royal Blind School, Edinburgh
Cultural development of our 3 nations delivered through the expressive arts curriculum
Royal Blind School, Edinburgh, [2001]
Comenius action 1: European Education project Royal Blind School, Edinburgh reports on the project which provided cultural exchanges between Scotland, Germany and the Czech Republic.  Collaboration with Landesschule für Blinde und Sehbehinderte, Neukloster, Germany and Gymnazium Pro ZPM, Praha, Czech Republic

Tison, Alain
Claude Monet ... du bout des doigts! = Claude Monet ... at the tips of your fingers!
Exposition Monet, 1992
Exhibition catalogue from a Claude Monet exhibition with Braille (French) and tactile representations of the paintings.


Fry, Stephen
Please touch: an exhibition of objects from the Norwich Museums at the Castle Museum: 9 January to 14 March 1993
Castle Museum, 1993
Duration 30 minutes. This video aims to help people interested in similar projects.  It also describes the accompanying education programme including evaluation of the exhibition.


Lamont-Robinson, Catherine
Hand to clay
Insight Mar/Apr 2007, No 8, p35-38
Use of clay to develop children with multiple disabilities and visual impairments.

Lee, Nicki
Art for visually impaired children
Visability Summer 1997, No 20, p29
Living Paintings Trust
website article

Metcalfe, Georgina
Getting it in focus
Visability Summer 1997, No 18, p27-28
Experiences of teaching photography to young partially sighted people.

Curriculum Close-up: Issue 6 (RNIB)
RNIB, 1999-
Copies freely available from RNIB.  Telephone 0870 042 9554.