University of Edinburgh

The materials on this list are available from

Bibliography -Early Years: Working with Visually Impaired Children


Aitken, Stuart; Buultjens, Marianna; Spungin, Susan J (Eds)
Realities & opportunities: early intervention with visually handicapped infants and children
AFB, 1990
ISBN: 0891281738
Proceedings of International Symposium on Visually Handicapped Infants and Young Children, International Council for Education of the Visually Handicapped.

Bell, David
Removing barriers: a 'can-do' attitude: a report on developing good practice for children with special needs in early years childcare and education in the private and voluntary sectors
Ofsted, 2005
The report examines what childcare providers in the private and voluntary sector are doing to make it easier for children with special needs to access care and education and to have the best possible outcomes.

Brambring, Michael
Lessons with a child who is blind: development and early intervention in the first years of life
Blind Children's Fund, 1998
Presents an account of one family's experiences in rearing their daughter Christina who is congenitally blind.

Brambring, Michael; Rauh, Hellgard; Beelmann, Andreas (Eds)
Early childhood intervention: theory, evaluation and practice
de Gruyter, 1996
ISBN: 3110154102

Carpenter, Barry (Ed)
Families in context: emerging trends in family support and early intervention
David Fulton, 1997
ISBN: 1853464899

de Jong, Coen G A & Neugebauer, Hans
Timely intervention: special help for special needs
Edition Bentheim, 1996
ISBN: 3925265600
International Conference in Bad Berleburg, Nov 26 - Dec 2 1995.

Department for Education and Skills (DfES)
Developmental journal for babies and children with visual impairment [Early Support Pilot Programme]
Dept for Education and Skills, 2006
These materials are designed for use by families to record the progress of their visually impaired child. It includes advice on what to expect, helps identify problems and provides practical ideas on how to progress to the next stage.

Drifte, Collette
Encouraging positive behaviour in the early years: a practical guide (2nd ed)
Sage, 2008
ISBN: 9781847873750
Practical strategies, good advice and clear and helpful suggestions to encourage good behaviour from every child, with particular emphasis on children with special educational needs. Accompanied by a CD-ROM.

Drifte, Collette
Special needs in early years settings: a guide for practitioners
David Fulton, 2001
ISBN: 1853468568
This book provides reader-friendly information about the Special Educational Needs Code of Practice and what it means for the Early Years practitioner.

Dunlop, Aline-Wendy ... [et al]
Positive behaviour in the early years: perceptions of staff, service providers and parents in managing and promoting positive behaviour in early years and early primary settings
University of Strathclyde, 2008
ISBN: 9780755918102
Research into the behaviour of young children.

Dunlop, Aline-Wendy (Ed)
Readings in early education: reflections on current practice in Scotland
Moray House Institute of Education, 1995

Ellis, Anne & Frankenberg, Alison
Paving the way: a guide for main-stream nursery and playgroup leaders caring for visually impaired children (3rd edition)
RNIB, 1996
ISBN: 1858780853
How a child with impaired vision can take a full part in play & learning at nursery/ playgroup, alongside children who are fully sighted. For all who work in nurseries & playgroups. (Early Years Series).

Ellis, Anne & Frankenberg, Alison
What shall we do with a child who can't see? A guide for nursery and playgroup leaders
RNIB, 1991

Ennals, Paul
Together from the start: practical guidance for professionals working with disabled children (birth to third birthday) and their families
Dept for Education and Skills, 2003
ISBN: 1841859060

Flapan, Dority & Neubauer, Peter B
Assessment of early child development
Jason Aronson Inc, 1994
ISBN: 1568212844

Gold, Deborah
Finding a new path: guidance for parents of young children who are visually impaired or blind
Canadian National Institute for the Blind, 2002
ISBN: 0921122381
Intended as a tool for parents to help them gain confidence in raising a child who has a visual impairment and as such covers all the main areas that parents will encounter including coping with the diagnosis, dealing with families and friends, child development and education.

Gold, Deborah & Tait, Anne (Eds)
Strong beginning: a sourcebook for health and education professionals working with young children who are visually impaired or blind
Canadian National Institute for the Blind, 2004
ISBN: 0921122071
A sourcebook of information about visual impairment and how it affects the development of young children.

Harrell, Lois & Akeson, Nancy
Preschool vision stimulation: it's more than a flashlight!
AFB, 1987
ISBN: 0891281363
Developmental perspectives for visually and multi-handicapped infants & preschoolers. Demonstrates procedures for early vision stimulation infancy to 4 years.

Haughton, Liz & Mackevicius, Sandie
I'm posting the pebbles: active learning through play for children who are blind or vision impaired
RVIB, 2001
ISBN: 0949390585
Different types of play & activities are examined and suggested for good learning opportunities for children who have visual impairments.

Hyvärinen, Lea & Lindstedt, Eva
Assessment of vision in children
SRF Tal & Punkt, 1981
Review of methodology with particular reference to the early identification of visual impairments and the evaluation of visual function in children with impaired vision and/or multiple handicaps.

Learning and Teaching Scotland
Birth to three: supporting our youngest children
LT Scotland, 2005
ISBN: 184399061X
General guide for parents of young children and professionals who work with young children.

Learning and Teaching Scotland
Early learning, forward thinking: the ICT strategy for early years: Staff development pack for practitioners
Learning and Teaching Scotland, 2003
ISBN: 1859557953
Includes a staff development pack for practitioners; reference pack and the policy framework for ICT in early years.

Lewis, Vicky & Collis, Glyn M (eds)
Blindness and psychological development in young children
BPS books, 1997
ISBN: 1854332317

Mathieson, Kay
Social skills in the early years: supporting social and behavioural learning
Paul Chapman, 2005
ISBN: 9781412902601
A user-friendly book offering strategies and advice on how to help young children develop their social, emotional and behavioural skills.

McDonald, Mary
Setting out: practical ideas for parents of children with sight problems
RNIB, 2002
ISBN: 1858785286
Guide for parents about creating a loving and stimulating environment for children with sight problems.

McDonald, Mary
Which way? A guide for parents of children with multiple disabilities
RNIB, 2003
ISBN: 1858785278
Part of the RNIB's Early years series of publications focusing on the more complex issues that can arise for children with sight problems who have other special needs.

Misso, Nicola
Guide to orientation and mobility for young children with vision impairments
RVIB, 2001
ISBN: 0949390410

Mortimer, Hannah
Sensory difficulties: identifying and supporting needs, activities covering early learning goals, working with parents (Special needs in the early years)
Scholastic, 2002
ISBN: 059053565X
Series: Special needs in the early years. Help on how to recognise hearing or vision problems and what activities are appropriate and useful in an early years setting for children with sensory impairments

Murdoch, Heather
Early intervention for children who are deafblind
Sense, 2002

Nielsen, Lilli
Blind child's ability to listen
RVIB, 2001

Nielsen, Lilli
Early learning, step by step in children with vision impairment and multiple disabilities (3rd ed)
SIKON, 2001
ISBN: 8775460513
Outlines the "Active Learning" method where environmental intervention can help children with MDVI achieve motor skills etc.

Nielsen, Lilli
Functional & instruction scheme: the visually impaired child's early abilities, behaviour and learning
SIKON, 1990
ISBN: 8750386115
Assessment scheme for the development of children with visual impairments.

Nielsen, Lilli
Functional scheme: Levels: 0-48 months
SIKON, 2000
ISBN: 8760188933
A tool for assessing the developmental levels of a learner who irrespective of age and/or handicap(s) has developed to a level between birth and 48 months.

Pogrund, Rona L & Fazzi, Diane L
Early focus: working with young children who are blind or visually impaired and their families (2nd ed)
AFB, 2002
ISBN: 0891288562

Raynor, Sherry & Drouillard, Richard
Get a wiggle on: a guide for helping visually impaired children grow (2nd ed)
Blind Children's Fund, 1996
This booklet has been prepared to assist those who are in contact with blind or visually impaired infants. It contains suggestions which will be helpful in assisting these children, early in their lives, to grow and learn like other children.

Raynor, Sherry & Drouillard, Richard
Move it!: a guide for helping visually impaired children grow (2nd ed)
Blind Children's Fund, 1997
A sequel to "Get a wiggle on." RN 3216

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Braille for infants: a preschool and infant level reading scheme: teacher's handbook (rev ed)
RNIB, 2006
Describes a reading scheme and activities for young children beginning to learn Braille.

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Focus on foundation: including children with impaired vision in early years settings
RNIB, 2001
ISBN: 1858785073
Practical ideas for the successful inclusion of children with impaired vision in early years settings including reception classes.

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Your first steps: a guide for parents of children with sight problems
RNIB, 2002
ISBN: 185878526X
This books updates and combines two former RNIB early years publications: "Getting started" and "Help for you and your child"

Royal Victorian Institute for the Blind
Babies like me: a guide for parents of babies who have other disabilities as well as a vision impairment
RVIB, 2002
ISBN: 0949390593
Adapted from "Getting it all together" by Margaret Bull

Sandall, Susan R & Schwartz, Ilene S
Building blocks for teaching preschoolers with special needs (2nd ed)
Paul H Brookes, 2008
ISBN: 9781557669674
A guidebook to fully including children with disabilities in early childhood classrooms.  Examples illustrated by stories of disabled children with Down's, language & social delays, cerebral palsy and autism. Includes CD-ROM of printable forms.

Scott, Eileen P; Jan, James E; Freeman, Roger D
Can't your child see: a guide for parents and professionals about young people who are visually impaired (3rd ed)
Pro-Ed, 1995
ISBN: 0890796041

Scottish Executive
Child at the centre: self-evaluation in the early years
Scottish Executive, [1999]
ISBN: 0748093265
Self-evaluation guide for centres providing preschool education and day care to children aged 3-5.

Scottish Government
Guide to getting it right for every child
Scottish Government, 2008
ISBN: 9780755957750
Overview of the practice model set forth by the Scottish Government for ensuring that Scotland's children get the best start in life.

Scottish Government Social Research
Perspectives on early years services: qualitative research with service users
Scottish Government, 2008
ISBN: 9780755972272
Qualitative research with parents, carers and children to explore their views and experiences of early interventions, early years services and support for families of young children.

Scottish Office.  Education and Industry Department
Early intervention: key issues from research (Interchange No 50)
Scottish Office, 1998
0969 613X (ISSN)
Early intervention in mainstream education for children who are underachieving for various reasons, especially socio-economic factors.

Sheridan, Margaret K; Foley, Gilbert M; Radlinkski, Sara H
Using the supportive play model: individualized intervention in early childhood practice
Teachers College Press, 1995
ISBN: 0807734225

Stratton, Josephine & Wright, Suzette
On the way to literacy: early experiences for visually impaired children
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991

Wall, Kate
Special needs and early years: a practitioners guide (2nd ed)
Paul Chapman, 2006
ISBN: 9781412929493
Aimed at early years' practitioners, professionals dealing with children with special needs and their families and students.

Warren, David H
Blindness and early childhood development (2nd ed)
AFB, 1984
ISBN: 0891281231
A comprehensive resource for teachers and everyone working visually impaired children.

White, Glen
Experiences of a blind baby
RVIB, 2002
ISBN: 0949390151

Wolfendale, Sheila (Ed)
Meeting special needs in the early years: directions in policy and practice
David Fulton, 1997
ISBN: 1853464538

Zeitlin, Shirley & Williamson, G Gordon
Coping in young children: early intervention practices to enhance adaptive behavior and resilience
Paul H Brookes, 1994
ISBN: 1557661278



Buultjens, Marianna ... [et al]
Low vision in early intervention: an interdisciplinary approach [Comenius project]
University of Dortmund, 2001
Compilation of electronic texts on low vision and early intervention. Includes Vision for Doing by Stuart Aitken and Marianna Buultjens


Assessment Materials

Nielsen, Lilli
FIELA curriculum: 730 learning environments = The flexible individual enriched level appropriate curriculum
SIKON, 1998
ISBN: 8760175338
Comprises a book, a catalogue and a velcro board, made to ensure that the child with one or several disabilities can access an individual learning programme which will match his developmental level, his needs for learning and his interests.


Andrade, Pablo Martin
Early attention service for the visually impaired in Spain
10th International Council for the Education of the Visually Impaired (ICEVI) World Conference, 3 - 10 August 1997, Sao Paulo, Brazil Section N - Early Intervention

Bailey, Gail
Toilet training with children who are blind or have very little vision
Insight Jan/Feb 2008, No 13, p40-42
Advice for helping visually impaired children to become toilet trained.

Blanksby, Dixie C & Langford, Peter E
VAP-CAP: a procedure to assess the visual functioning of young visually impaired children
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness Feb 1993, Vol 87, p46-49
Describes the development of a test for assessing the functional vision of pre-school children.

Brambring, Michael & Troster, Heinrich
On the stability of stereotyped behaviors in blind infants and preschoolers
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness Feb 1992, Vol 86, p105-110
Discusses the occurrence of blind mannerisms amongst young children with visual impairments such as eye poking and rocking.

Bruce, Tina
Rags to riches? Just pretend ...
Look Spring 2006, No 43, p13-14
Looks at using "treasure baskets" full of playthings (ie, commonplace objects) to promote imaginative play.

Cuthbert, Janet
Changing our view of early years development: Oregon and the Journal
Insight Mar/Apr 2008, No 14, p36-39
Staff at a service in Leeds explore combining use of Oregon with the newer Early Support Developmental Journal for babies and children with VI.

Daelman, Marlene
Early communication
Eye Contact Summer 1997, No 18, p18-20
Discusses theories on the development of communication with children who are deafblind or have multiple disabilities and reports on work being carried out in Europe.

Dale, Naomi & Salt, Alison
Social identity, autism and visual impairment (VI) in the early years
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 2008, Vol 26 (2), p135-146
Explores how visual impairment might impact on early social and emotional development including self-awareness and communication with others.

Evans, Gwynneth
Pre-requisites to movement
Insight May/Jun 2007, No 9, p35-37
Practical ways for families to encourage early movement in their very young visually impaired children.

Garscadden, Moira & Fox, Linda
Grade 1 Braille in the spotlight
Insight May/Jun 2008, No 15, p20-22
Focus on grade 1 Braille for early literacy learning.

Haylott, Vicky
Hands and ears
Insight Nov/Dec 2007, No 12, p20-22
A mother describes life with her 2 year old son.  The family are all blind.

Jennings, Julie
Early years at RNIB Northwood
Insight Nov/Dec 2008, No 18, p27-29
Looking at how to implement the English Early Years Foundation Stage framework.

King, Liz & Bathie, Fiona
Squeaky shoes: motivating young children to move
Insight May/Jun 2007, No 9, p31-34
Two families try out "squeaky shoes" on their young visually impaired children to see the impact this has on their child's motivation to walk.

Lamont-Robinson, Catherine
Hand to clay
Insight Mar/Apr 2007, No 8, p35-38
Use of clay to develop children with multiple disabilities and visual impairments.

Lappin, Grace
Infant massage: a strategy to promote self-efficacy in parents of blind infants
British Journal of Visual Impairment Sept 2006, Vol 24 (3), p145-149
Infant massage is promoted as a method for parents to improve confidence in dealing with their blind child in and improve communication between them.

Murdoch, Heather
Development of infants who are deaf-blind: a case study
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness Jul-Aug 1994, Vol 88, p357-367
Looks at how deafblind children may achieve developmental 'milestones' differently from their sighted peers and not simply delayed.

Naish, Lucy
Doing it by the board
InsightMar/Apr 2007, No 8, p30-32
Use of a resonance board to facilitate communication with a young child with visual impairment and complex needs.

Pico, Angels Esteban
Study of stereotypes in blind or visually impaired children
10th International Council for the Education of the Visually Impaired (ICEVI) World Conference, 3 - 10 August 1997, Sao Paulo, Brazil Section N - Early Intervention

Rowland, Charity
Preverbal communication of blind infants and their mothers
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness Oct 1984, Vol 78, p297-302
A study of early communication between visually impaired young children and their mothers.

Scott, Bronwen
I'm starting to walk: I can use a cane
Insight May/Jun 2007, No 9, p24-26
In Western Australia, children who are blind start mobility training as soon as they begin to walk.

Troster, Heinrich & Brambring, Michael
Play behavior and play materials of blind and sighted infants and preschoolers
Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness Sept-Oct 1994, Vol 88, p421-432
A study based on a parent survey about the play behaviour of their children.  The survey targeted both visually impaired and sighted children.