University of Edinburgh

The Habilitation Journey


Brannock, Grant & Golding, Leo
6 step method of teaching orientation and mobility: a learning centred approach to competent travel for the vision impaired
G Brannock & Leo Golding, 2000
ISBN 064639004X
"The 6 step method"

Cutter, Joseph
Independent movement and travel in blind children: a promotional model
Information Age, 2007
ISBN 9781593116033
An innovative guide to encouraging activity, movement and independence in the young blind child. Emphasises partnership and team approaches for parents, teachers, assistants, therapists and rehabilitation workers.

Fazzi, Diane L & Petersmeyer, Barbara A
Imagining the possibilities: creative approaches to orientation and mobility instruction for persons who are visually impaired
AFB, 2001
ISBN 089128382X

Jacobson, William H
Art and science of teaching orientation and mobility to persons with visual impairments
AFB, 1993
ISBN 0891282459

Knott, Natalie Isaak
Teaching orientation and mobility in the schools: an instructors companion
AFB, 2002
ISBN 0891283919

Loumiet, Robin & Levack, Nancy
Independent living: a curriculum with adaptations for students with visual impairments: Volume II: Self-care and maintenance of personal environment (2nd ed)
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, 1993
ISBN 1880366029
Part of three volumes concentrating on daily living, social skills and play & leisure.

Miller, Olga & Wall, Karl
Quality standards: delivery of habilitation training (mobility and independent living skills) for children and young people with visual impairment
Mobility 21, 2011
The term habilitation (not rehabilitation) is used in recognition of the distinct needs of children as they move towards independence and the acquisition of new skills. These standards are informed by current best practice and related international research to establish a baseline for habilitation practice.

MISE (Mobility and Independence Specialists in Education)
Mobility and independent assessment and evaluation scheme: early skills
MISE, [2006]
A checklist for mobility and independence skills including: Functional vision, communication, awareness, motor skills, independence skills and play & social skills.

Naish, Lucy; Bell, Judy; Clunies-Ross, Louise
Exploring access: how to audit your school environment, focusing on the needs of pupils who have multiple disabilities and visual impairment
RNIB, 2004
ISBN 1858786304
Folder of information which deals with access and adaptations to the physical environment for children with multiple disabilities and visual impairments.

Pavey, Sue ... [et al]
Steps to independence: the mobility and independence needs of children with a visual impairment: full research report
University of Birmingham, 2002

Pogrund, Rona ... [et al]
Teaching age-appropriate purposeful skills (TAPS): an orientation and mobility curriculum for students with visual impairments (2nd ed)
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, 1993
ISBN 1880366185
Accompanied by "Comprehensive assessment and ongoing evaluation" (RN 3267)


Moray House Institute of Education
Show me how to do it: mobility video
Moray House, n.d.
Short video on Mobility intended for basic staff development and encouragement of parental involvement. Duration 15 minutes.


Kitchen confidence
Mar/Apr 2008, No 14, p10-14
Article follows three youngsters as they learn to cook.

Reviewing support: stepping back?
March/April 2011, No 32, p13-15
A teaching assistant reflects on one of her student's changing support needs as he grows and needs to become more independent.

Reviewing support: working with Mark
March/April 2011, No 32, p18-19
A teaching assistant talks about the independence skills they are working on with a visually impaired student with complex needs.

Bailey, Gail
Promoting autonomy
Mar/Apr 2008, No 14, p28-29
Examines the issues and suggests ways of enabling carers to let a young person make their own choices and learn from new experiences.

Bailey, Gail
Toilet training with children who are blind or have very little vision
Jan/Feb 2008, No 13, p40-42
Advice for helping visually impaired children to become toilet trained.

Buckland, Jennie
Improving body awareness
Autumn 2004, No 42, p10-12
Exercises working on strength, posture and flexibility have had a significant impact on the self image of one teenager with a visual impairment, and led to increased spatial awareness, mobility skills and independence.

Dutton, Gordon
Children with visual processing disorders. Part 2: difficulty seeing information in complex scenes
May/June 2006, No 3, p21-24
An ophthalmologist's approach to helping children who find it difficult to pick out information from complex scenes due to cerebral visual impairment.

Dutton, Gordon
Children with visual processing disorders. Part 3: difficulties with attention and communication
July/Aug 2006, No 4, p20-24
An ophthalmologist's approach to helping children who find it difficult to communicate and pay attention due to cerebral visual impairment.

Elbourn, Tony
Blind side
August 2012, No 80, p22-24
First person account of a totally blind person on what daily life is like.

Gray, Colette
Support for children with a visual impairment in Northern Ireland: the role of the rehabilitation worker
British Journal of Visual Impairment
September 2008, Vol 26 (3), p239-254
Some findings from a large research project looking at the mobility, independence and lifeskills education available to children and young people aged 0-19. This reports on the services provided by rehabilitation workers only.

Kish, Daniel
Canes mean freedom: part one
Jul/Aug 2010, No 28, p38-40
Daniel Kish explains his ideas and methods for teaching cane use with very young children.

Kish, Daniel
Canes mean freedom: part two
Sept/Oct 2010, No 29, p39-42
Daniel Kish explains his ideas and methods for teaching cane use with very young children. Includes a parent's perspective on her child's training with Daniel Kish.

Klein, Janice Fuller
Developing a spatial map
Mar/Apr 2013, No 44, p20-21
A children's mobility specialist explains how blind babies develop their spatial understanding.

Labbett, Simon; Auld, Rosie; Wall, Karl
Are our services for children good enough?
Sept 2010, No 57, p15-18
Three professionals give their views on current service provision for children with sight problems.

Lewin, Debs
Life skills boot camp
May/Jun 2014, No 51
Three day residential for young people with visual impairments helps them to learn about independent living, travel and leisure.

Lowry, Susan Shier
Defined spaces
Autumn 2004, No 42, p5-7
Explores an early orientation and mobility strategy for infancy and beyond.

Mardsen, Janet & Labbett, Simon
Habilitation for children: the Mobility21 project
April 2010, No 52, p25-27
Outline of the habilitation studies course which concentrates on daily living and mobility skills for young children. Includes a 'student's perspective' section.

Matey Garcia, Maria Angeles
Children and young adults with visual disabilities: ONCE work models to ensure an independent life
The Educator
Jul 2008, Vol XXI (1), p12-16
Looks at models in Spain for developing the independent living skills of visually impaired children and young people.

McDonald, Mary
Meaningful rewards
Nov/Dec 2014, No 54, p11-13
Providing extra motivation to visually impaired children to work on their mobility, technology and braille skills.

McDonald, Suzy
Habilitation skills
Nov/Dec 2012, No 42, p27
Tips for how children with visual impairments can be introduced to cutting and chopping food (ie preparing fruit and veg for cooking), and have fun in the kitchen.

McDonald, Suzy
Making the leap
March/April 2012, No 38, p18-21
Discusses the transition for school pupils from taxi/car travel to using buses independently. Safety, money and social aspects are considered.

McDonald, Suzy
Picnic challenge
Jul/Aug 2013, No 46, p14-15
Describes a project for a young person to plan and prepare a picnic with a friend which increased her confidence in a range of skills.

Mitchell, John
ICT: making greater independence a reality
March/April 2011, No 32, p20-22
Henshaw's college show how they use ICT to help visually impaired children in everyday activities.

Neuchterlien, Louise
Habilitation skills
Jul/Aug 2013, No 46, p18-19
Saturday cooking club for visually impaired young people offers a chance to gain skills safely and an opportunity to socialise.

Parr, Amanda
Achieving the Duke of Edinburgh's award
Sept/Oct 2010, No 29, p30-36
Sixth formers at Rushton School have taken up the challenge of taking part in the Duke of Edinburgh award. This article discusses their strategies and achievements.

Rendle, Benjamin
Dogged determination
March/April 2012, No 38, p11-12
A young person tells the story of how he applied for and was matched with a Guide Dog as part of the pilot scheme for young people.

Stirnweis, Sandra
Learning the ABCs (Mobility)
May/Jun 2007, No 9, p9-13
The skills required for orientation and mobility can be broken down into basic elements which can make it easier for visually impaired children to learn.

Trull, Sharon
Habilitation skills
May/June 2013, No 45, p23
Tips on how to teach safe ironing skills to visually impaired children.

Wall, Karl
Educational attainment versus habilitation skills
Jan/Feb 2011, No 31, p12-13
Looks at how to balance academic education with acquisition of daily living skills in children with sight problems.

Wall, Karl
Learning maths ... learning habilitation skills
May/Jun 2010, No 27, p10-12
Discusses how maths skills are linked with learning independence skills.

Wharton, Hannah
Progressing to adult life
May/Jun 2014, No 51, p23
Describes the Bridge Programme which is designed to help young people progress into independent or supported living.