University of Edinburgh

Physical Education and Sports for Children and Young People with Visual Impairments or Deafblindness


Andrews, Crispin
Meeting SEN in the curriculum: PE/sports
David Fulton, 2005
ISBN 1843121646
Series combines SEN expertise with subject knowledge to produce practical and immediate support. Accompanied by a CD-ROM.

British Blind Sport
Guide to visually impaired (VI) friendly sport
British Blind Sport, 2016
Tools and techniques for those involved in sport to help reach visually impaired people and deliver accessible sporting opportunities.

British Blind Sport
Visually impaired (VI) friendly swimming: a guide for supporting visually impaired adults and children in the pool
British Blind Sport, 2013
This resource is all about helping mainstream leisure swimming providers to be VI friendly and to assist anyone who delivers swimming activities with support ideas and guidance on how to include people with visual impairments.

Lieberman, Lauren J & Cowart, Jim F
Games for people with sensory impairments: strategies for including individuals of all ages
Human Kinetics, 1996
ISBN 0873228901
Describes 70 games that people with sensory impairments can play.

Lieberman, Lauren J; Ponchillia, Paul E; Ponchillia, Susan V
Physical education and sports for people with visual impairments and deafblindness: foundations of instruction
AFB, 2013
ISBN 9780891284543
A comprehensive guide to physical activity for people with visual impairments or people who are deafblind. From early movement education through to lifelong skills for keeping active and fit.

McDonald, Mary (Ed)
Fit for all: including children with sight problems in sport
RNIB, 2005
ISBN 1858786444
Explains how to teach PE to children and young people who have visual impairments. Includes case studies.

Pfisterer, Uli
Swimming for children with vision impairments
RVIB, 2001
ISBN 0949390348

Pfisterer, Ulrich
Games for all of us
RVIB, 1983
ISBN 0949390038
Activities for blind and sighted children in integrated settings. Series: RVIB Burwood Educational Series; No 4.

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Looking into PE: guidelines for teaching PE to children with a visual impairment
Sports Council, 1996
ISBN 1858780926
Contains advice and information about enabling children and young people with visual impairments take a full part in sport and leisure activities alongside their sighted friends.

Walker, Sue
Getting off the ground: physical and outdoor education as active life skills for visually handicapped children and young people
RNIB, 1992
ISBN 0901797863
Intended as a resource for teachers to provide ideas for inclusion of visually impaired children and young people in physical and outdoor activities.


Augestad, Liv Berit & Jiang, Lin
Physical activity, physical fitness, and body composition among children and young adults with visual impairments: A systematic review
British Journal of Visual Impairment
Sept 2015, Vol 33 (3), p167-182
A literature review of articles published between 1984-2014 pertaining to the fitness and physical activity levels of children and young people with visual impairments.

Brunes, Audun; Flanders, W Dana; Augestad, Liv Berit
Effect of physical activity on mental health among adolescents with and without self-reported visual impairment: The Young-HUNT Study, Norway
British Journal of Visual Impairment
Sept 2015, Vol 33 (3), p183-199
Part of the data from a health survey of adolescents in Norway during 1995-97 with a follow-up 4 years later. Responses from visually impaired adolescents (with no other disability) were studied for a correlation between mental health and wellbeing and physical activity.

Carter, Graham
Secrets of our success
Mar/Apr 2009, No 20, p15-17
A PE teacher who is also a QTVI discusses how his school encourages visually impaired youngsters to get involved in sport

Cavanagh, Jean
Let's get physical ... at the primary club!
Autumn 1999, No 27, p11-13
Describes how a club was established to enable visually impaired children to participate fully in physical activities.

Chester, John
After-school fun for all
Jul/Aug 2014, No 52, p30-31
Enjoyable after-school activities are an important part of school life, this school makes sure pupils with a visual impairment are included.

Coltart, Andy
Climbing high
Mar/Apr 2014, No 50, p42-43
Describes a climbing club for children with visual impairments in Liverpool.

Cullingford-Agnew, Steve
Making PE inclusive: the Sherbourne approach
Mar/Apr 2009, No 20, p22-24
An approach to movement based around developing self-awareness and awareness of others, particularly of benefit to children with complex needs.

Ellis, Charlotte
Getting into sport
Jul/Aug 2013, No 46, p11-13
A successful paratriathlete reflects on school experiences that led to her sports career.

Ellis, Charlotte
Getting into sport
Sep/Oct 2013, No 47, p18-20
A paralympic triathlete looks at her gateway to success after a mixed experience at school sports.

Fielding, Kathryn
Adapting a sporting activity for your class or club?
Mar/Apr 2009, No 20, p18-19
Key points to remember when trying to adapt sports for people with visual impairments. Focus on adapting cricket on p19.

Herold, Frank & Dandolo, Jack
Including visually impaired students in physical education lessons: a case study of teacher and pupil experiences
British Journal of Visual Impairment
January 2009, Vol 27 (1), p75-84
An English study of the gap between policies for inclusion and the reality of children with disabilities participating in physical education.

Holmstrom, Radhika
Getting moving
June 2011, No 66, p36-39
Describes how an active and healthy lifestyle can impact on your eye health and which activities are recommended or not for those with existing conditions.

Hopkins, Fiona
If you go down to the woods today ...
Mar/Apr 2009, No 20, p25-27
Forest Schools are a Scandanavian idea for boosting self-esteem, confidence and social skills through regular woodland learning sessions.

Lacey, Penny
Integrating physiotherapy and PE
May/Jun 2007, No 9, p18-19
Looks at integrating physiotherapy and PE for children with complex needs.

Larkin, Tony
Want to have a go at blind football?
Mar/Apr 2009, No 20, p10-13
The head coach for the Blind Football squad explains the sport and encourages more young people to take it up.

Mairs, Kate
Climbing the wall
Talking Sense
Spring 2013, p34-35
Describes a programme of climbing sessions for deafblind people in the Midlands.

McCall, Steve
Sports and recreation for persons with visual impairment: playing the game of your life
The Educator
July 2005, Vol XVIII (1), Whole issue
Issue dedicated to sport and physical education for children who are visually impaired. Specific sports covered include Soccer, Golf, Rowing and Mountaineering.

McLeish, Eve
Sky's the limit
Jan/Feb 2010, No 25, p10-12
A programme which uses outdoor activities and social events to develop social skills and personal confidence in visually impaired children.

Mohanty, Soubhagyalaxmi; Pradhan, Balaram; Nagathna, R
Effect of yoga practice on proprioception in congenitally blind students
British Journal of Visual Impairment
May 2014, Vol 32 (2), p124-135
Yoga practice has been shown to improve body awareness in sighted children, this study looks at the effects of yoga practice on children with visual impairments.

Pinniger, Rosa; Brown, Rhonda F; Thorsteinsson, Einar B; McKinley, Patricia
Tango programme for individuals with age-related macular degeneration
British Journal of Visual Impairment
January 2013, Vol 31 (1), p47-59
Controlled trial of use of tango sessions to test if this activity was feasible and if it had a positive effect on depression and physical abilities.

Price, Jane & Gibb, Caroline
Active and confident
Jul/Aug 2014, No 52, p14-16
New College Worcester teachers describe how they make sport inclusive for pupils with visual impairment.

Risdon, James
Ever thought about goalball?
Mar/Apr 2009, No 20, p20-21
This ball game was developed specifically to be played by blind or visually impaired people (all players wear blacked-out goggles.)

Rooke, Jack
Leaps and bounds
Jul/Aug 2012, No 40, p16-17
How trampolining has helped a young partially sighted boy develop his confidence and coordination.

Ruffles, Helen
If you go down to the woods today
Mar/Apr 2014, No 50, p28-29
A nursery school runs a forest school programme which is fully accessible for their children with vision impairment and additional special needs.

Stamou, Eirini ... [et al]
Effect of self-talk on the penalty execution in goalball
British Journal of Visual Impairment
September 2007, Vol 25 (3), p233-247
Blind paralympic athletes are tested in the motivational and instructional effects of self-talk.

Surakka, Airi & Kivela, Tero
Motivating visually impaired and deafblind people to perform regular physical exercises
British Journal of Visual Impairment
September 2008, Vol 26 (3), p255-268
The study investigated different approaches to motivate deaf-blind people to exercise, particularly those exercises which help reduce common physical problems such as poor balance, posture and coordination.

Taesali, Cheryl & Manuel, Jo
Yoga therapy
May/Jun 2007, No 9, p20-21
Explores the physical and emotional benefits of yoga for children with special needs.

Telford, David; Dickson, Jonny; Dempsey, Niall; Robson, Kirsten
Wheel life
Jul/Aug 2012, No 40, p18-20
A group of visually impaired young people made a cycling tour in the Netherlands as part of their Duke of Edinburgh award.

Webber, Deborah
Big dance picnic
Sep/Oct 2012, No 41, p36-39
RNIB and Trinity Laban joined forces to hold a dance workshop for visually impaired children; a structured opportunity to dance to live music and discover the joys of movement.

Webber, Deborah
Racing start
Jul/Aug 2012, No 40, p11-15
Interview with Libby Clegg, paralympic sprinter who runs with a guide. Includes a section on how to be a guide runner.


Lieberman, Lauren J
Fitness for individuals who are visually impaired, blind and deafblind
National Center on Physical Activity and Disability, 2007
Practical techniques for visually impaired children to enable access physical activities such as running, cycling, swimming, fitness classes etc.