University of Edinburgh
 

The materials on this list are available from

Bibliography - Pre-braille skills

Books

Agélii, Margareta & Rönnbäck, Anders
Teaching Braille to beginners by using a computer
Tomteboda Resource Centre, 1998
ISSN: 1103-5080
Pupils were studied using a braille keyboard with a PC to see the effect this equipment had on their reading and writing and any social effects within the mainstream classroom.  TRC Report No 17, ISRN TRC-R--17--SE

Berry, Nigel
Sense and sensitivity: how to teach braille effectively
RNIB, 2009
ISBN: 9781444500394
A practitioner's guide on how to teach Braille reading and writing to young people and adults who have lost their sight.

Braille Authority of the United Kingdom (BAUK)
British Braille: a restatement of standard English Braille
RNIB, 2004
ISBN: 0901797901
The codebook for standard English Braille.

Burns, Mary F
Burns Braille transcription dictionary
AFB, 1991
ISBN: 0891282327
Reference for looking up braille code and contractions from print to braille and from braille to print.

Danielson, Ena
Mathematics in Braille: a reference book for teachers and students
RVIB, 1991
ISBN: 094939002X
RVIB Burwood Educational Series No 3.

Danielson, Ena
Teach yourself to sight read Braille: a workbook
RVIB, 1990
ISBN: 0949390054
RVIB Burwood Educational Series No 6.

Danielson, Ena & Lamb, Gayle
Beginning reading/writing for Braille or print users: a teacher's guide to the psycholinguistic viewpoint
RVIB, 1983
ISBN: 0949390046
RVIB Burwood Educational Series No 5.

Keil, Sue & Clunies-Ross, Louise
Report of research study into teaching braille to children in schools
RNIB, 2002
A study arising from concerns that there is a decline in braille use in schools in Britain.
Weblink

Lorimer, John
Check your Braille: signs and basic rules of grade 2 Braille
RNIB, 1993
ISBN: 1858780225
A reference book for learning braille code by sight.

Lorimer, John
Lorimer Braille recognition test: a test of ability in reading braille contractions
Royal School for the Blind, 1962
Includes Braille insert in one copy

Lorimer, Pam
Reading in Braille: an introductory source for teachers (2nd ed)
RNIB, 1994
ISBN: 1858780446
Covers a wide range of topics relating to braille reading, including background, research, methods and resources for teaching braille.

Lorimer, John; McCall, Steve; Lorimer, Pam
Birmingham Braille course for those wishing to read and write Braille visually: the print workbook
NLB, 1994
Reading and writing exercises for sighted teachers to learn the braille code.

Lorimer, John; McCall, Steve; Lorimer, Pam
Birmingham Braille course for those wishing to read and write Braille visually: the rulebook (a guide to the rules of British Braille)
NLB, 1993
A valuable reference for sighted people learning the braille code.

Meek, Moira
Read on: Braille materials for the 5-14 curriculum
Scottish Office, 1997
ISBN: 1858781337
Manual and print version of a Scottish braille reading scheme which was designed to tie in with the 5-14 curriculum.

Millar, Susanna
Reading by touch
Routledge, 1997
ISBN: 041506838X
Examines the perceptual, linguistic and cognitive processes involved in reading by touch. Draws on research with novice and fluent braille readers. Other tactile systems are also considered.

Olson, Myrna R
Guidelines and games for teaching efficient Braille reading
AFB, 1981
ISBN 0891281053
Intended for parents, pre-school workers and teachers of the visually impaired to help young learners acquire Braille skills

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Braille for infants: a preschool and infant level reading scheme: teacher's handbook (rev ed)
RNIB, 2006
Describes a reading scheme and activities for young children beginning to learn Braille.

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Braille primer: based on British Braille (rev ed 2005)
RNIB, 2005
ISBN 1858786576
An up-to-date overview of British Braille split into lessons and exercises.

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Neale analysis of reading ability (NARA): University of Birmingham Braille version
RNIB/NFER-Nelson, 1997
ISBN 0090006178
Includes: Print manual; Braille manual; Braille book of stories (Form 1); Braille book of stories (Form 2); Braille optional diagnostic test for stories 1 & 2 and 2 packs of Record forms for forms 1 and 2

Royal National Institute of the Blind (RNIB)
Using the Braille mathematics code
RNIB, 2007
ISBN 9781858786643
Written for teachers this booklet covers the braille needed for maths topics and conventions up to GCSE level.

Royal National Institute of the Blind (RNIB)
Using the Braille science code
RNIB, 2008
ISBN 9781858788203
Written for teachers this booklet covers the braille needed for science topics and conventions up to GCSE level.

Southall, Peter ... [et al]
Simplified version of Braille Mathematics notation
Dorton House, n.d.
A simplified version for primary and lower secondary level mathematics. Includes many examples.

Swenson, Anna M
Beginning with Braille: firsthand experiences with a balanced approach to literacy
AFB, 1999
ISBN 0891283234
Creative and practical strategies for designing and delivering high-quality Braille literacy instruction.

Swenson, Anna & D'Andrea, Frances Mary
Braille trail: an activity book
AFB, 2002
ISBN 0891288546
A set of games, puzzles and other activities intended to show children the meaning and importance of Braille.  Accompanied by a parent/teacher guide.

Tooze, F H G
Tooze Braille speed test: a test of basic ability in reading Braille
College of Teachers of the Blind, 1962
A test which gives a quick appraisal of the child's ability to read Braille characters.

Wesseling, Lisette
Focus on Braille music
Musicians in Focus Ltd, 2004
ISBN 0954850300
A practical guide to the use of Braille for the notation of music.

Wormsley, Diane P
Braille literacy: a functional approach
AFB, 2003
ISBN 0891288767
Describes approaches to teaching braille reading and writing to children (and adults) taking the individual learner's needs into account.

Wormsley, Diane P & D'Andrea, Frances Mary
Instructional strategies for Braille literacy
AFB, 1997
ISBN 0891289364
Collects a wide range of experience and practical strategies for teaching braille to learners.

 

Videos

Leland, Jon
Understanding Braille literacy
AFB
, n.d.
ISBN 0891282629
Duration 25 mins.  Covers the critical components of a successful Braille education programme.  Teachers and students demonstrate how Braille is learned and used from preschool to high school.

 

Moray House Institute of Education
Let your fingers do the reading
Moray House ETV
, 1995

Duration 25 minutes.

 

Articles

Arter, Christine
Braille dyslexia: does it exist?
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 1998, Vol 16 (2), p61-64
Research into why some intelligent blind pupils are failing when it comes to reading and opens the discussion on the concept of 'Braille dyslexia'.

Arter, Christine
Braille dyslexia: does it exist?
Visability Spring 1995, No 13, p11-12
An investigation of the possibility of Braille dyslexia in children who succeed in many areas of the curriculum but have unexplained difficulties with reading braille.

Arter, Chris & Layton, Lyn
Reading preferences of pupils with visual impairment
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2000, Vol 18 (1), p41-44
Results of a survey of braille users in mainstream and special schools into their reading habits.

Ballesteros, Soledad; Bardisa, Dolores; Millar, Susanna; Reales, Jose M
Haptic test battery: a new instrument to test tactual abilities in blind and visually impaired and sighted children
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2005, Vol 23 (1), p11-24
Describes tests used to assess the perceptual and cognitive abilities of visually impaired children.

Brackenridge, Elaine & Sugden, Janis
Introducing braille: taking the risk
Insight Sept/Oct 2011, No 35, p27-29
Discusses the first steps to beginning braille with young children.

Clunies-Ross, Louise
Braille: did you know?
Visability Summer 2005, No 44, p27-28
Facts about Braille code and its use reported in a recent RNIB study.

Cobb, Rory & Douglas, Graeme
Horses for courses? how well does the Key Stage 2 reading test work for braillists
Insight Sept/Oct 2011, No 35, p32-35
Article answers a query by a teacher of VI children about reading rate comparability for braille readers and print readers relating to standardised tests (SATs) required in schools in England and Wales.

Crawford, Shauna; Elliott, Robert T; Hoekman, Katherine
Phoneme, grapheme, onset-rime and word analysis in Braille with young children
British Journal of Visual Impairment Sept 2006, Vol 24 (3), p108-116
A study of sighted children's responses to different methods of teaching Braille letters.

Danby, Brenda
Teaching Braille in a mainstream school
Visability Spring 1995, No 13, p9-10
A support teacher describes how she approached teaching braille to a blind pupil in a mainstream classroom.

Franks, Julie
To Braille, or not to Braille? That is the question
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 1998, Vol 16 (2), p57-60
Looks at whether there is a need for rehabilitation and specialist social workers to have training in Braille.

Garscadden, Moira & Fox, Linda
Grade 1 Braille in the spotlight
Insight May/Jun 2008, No 15, p20-22
Focus on grade 1 Braille for early literacy learning.

Greaney, John & Reason, Rea
Braille reading by children: Is there a phonological explanation for their difficulties?
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2000, Vol 18 (1), p35-40
Comparative study of 2 braille learners looking at phonological awareness as a factor in successful reading skills.

Harrison, Frances
Teaching braille to latecomers in the 12-16 age range
British Journal of Visual Impairment Summer 1987, Vol 5 (2), p45-49
Approaches and methods for teaching and motivating youngsters to use Braille.

Hill, E W; Hill, J F; Tobin, Michael J
Braille: oral and silent reading speeds
New Beacon November 1999, No 980, p4-6
Adult Braille readers are tested to see how proficient they are to inform future planning and teaching of Braille skills.

Holbrook, Cay
Print or Braille? Choosing the best medium for young learners
Insight Jul/Aug 2007, No 10, p10-13
Looks at the factors involved in choosing to teach visually impaired children to read by Braille or print.

Jennings, Julie
Print or Braille: decision-making in the choice of the primary literacy medium for pupils with a severe visual impairment
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 1999, Vol 17 (1), p11-16
Compares suitable reading media for children with severe visual impairment who have enough residual vision to be able to access print in some form but for whom braille may be more efficient for reading and writing.

Johnston, Dolores
I have mastered the Braille code but no one has taught me how to teach it
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2004, Vol 22 (1), p17-24
Looks at the qualifications and training of staff who teach braille in schools.

Jones, Angela & Wilson, Claire
Debating Braille
Visability Summer 2005, No 44, p28-32
The debate about teaching grade 1 or 2 Braille from two viewpoints.

Keil, Sue
Teaching Braille to children
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2004, Vol 22 (1), p13-16
Looks at the numbers of children learning braille in Britain and the types of teachers involved

Kenworthy, Jan
Breaking the Braille code
Insight Jul/Aug 2007, No 10, p14-17
Describes a case study of a young Braille learner learning grades 1 and 2 side by side.

Lamb, Gayle
Dots for tots: emergent literacy and Braille reading
British Journal of Visual Impairment September 1998, Vol 16 (3), p111-115
Looks at the development of pre-reading skills for young children who will be using braille and the development of literacy.

Leong, Susan
Adding more spice to a braille literacy programme
Visability Autumn 2005, No 45, p5-7
Tried and tested activities for children when learning braille and to improve literacy.

Lorimer, Pamela
Hand techniques in reading Braille: synthesis of spatial and verbal elements of reading
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 2002, Vol 20 (2), p76-79
Literature review of techniques used in reading braille with some discussion of applying the findings in the learning situation.

Lumley, Peter
Braille, buns and stink bombs
Insight Jul/Aug 2007, No 10, p20-22
Follow-up on a young girl making progress with Braille and beginning to use a computer.

Lumley, Peter
Early Braille literacy
Insight May/June 2006, No 3, p12-17
Follows a young blind pupil as she progresses through her first term at a mainstream primary.

Randall, Alice Chenneour
Working with learners with specific Braille learning difficulties
Insight Jan/Feb 2007, No 7, p30-32
An investigation into possible dyslexia experienced by some Braille users.

Rogers, Sue
Learning Braille and print together: the mainstream issues
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 2007, Vol 25 (2), p120-132
A study of children in mainstream schools who are accessing the curriculum using a combination of Braille and print resources.

Shipway, Jane
Capital offence: Does Braille capitalisation affect reading performance?
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 1999, Vol 17 (2), p54-58
Study of braille users beginning to use braille with capitalisation.  Reading rates were slower but may improve with practice and comprehension was improved.

Stone, Juliet
Reading through Braille
Visability Spring 1995, No 13, p5-6
Describes the issues encountered by children learning Braille.

Wells-Jensen, Sheri; Gosche, Bradley; Burke, Sean
Writing of braille: hand, finger, and frequency effects on error and accuracy patterns
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2008, Vol 26 (1), p82-98
A case study of one expert braillist to discover patterns of error and accuracy.

Wilson, Claire
Could Braille help your child?
Look Spring 2006, No 43, p20-24
Discusses whether Braille use should be encouraged more often for children who are struggling with very large print.

Wilson, Claire
Encouraging braillists to become bookworms: what’s new ... and what next?
Visability Spring 1999, No 25, p15
An update on reading schemes for children who are learning to read Braille.

 

Websites

Lorimer, Pam
Critical evaluation of the historical development of the tactile modes of reading and an analysis and evaluation of researches carried out in endeavours to make the Braille code easier to read and to write
University of Birmingham, 1996
A PhD thesis submitted to the Faculty of Education and Continuing Studies of The University of Birmingham.
http://www.braille.org/papers/lorimer/title.html

 

Book Chapter

Koenig, Alan J and Holbrook, M Cay (2000) Literacy Skills, in
Holbrook, M Cay & Koenig, Alan J (eds)
Foundations of education: Volume II: Instructional strategies for teaching children and youths with visual impairments.
AFB, 2000, p264-329

 

Children’s books with Braille

Book about me
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991
Tactile book with braille text.

Adámková, Kristyna
Rozmanitosti (Wonderland)
Tactus, 2006
ISBN 9782916170316
Story for children with mostly tactile graphics and some Braille text. Winner of the 2006 Tactus award (Open category).  Not suitable for very young children.

Carter, David A
Feely bugs: a touch and feel bugs book
Orchard Picture Books, 1995
ISBN 1852139811
Standard children's picture book with tactile elements, adapted to include braille translations of the text.

Cowell, Cressida & Ellis, Andy
One too many tigers
Hodder Children's Books, 2001
ISBN 0340792140
Standard children's picture book, adapted to include braille translations of the text.

Evangelista, Mauro L
Heart of stone
Tactus, 2007
ISBN 978291617057X
Story for children with tactile graphics and Braille text. Winner of the 2007 Tactus award (Open category).  Not suitable for very young children.

Ferrazzano, Beatrice & Botta, M Rosaria
Like a tiny little ant
Tactus, 2004
ISBN 2911782925
Story for children with tactile graphics and Braille text. Winner of the 2004 Tactus award (7-12 years category). 

Inkpen, Mick
Blue balloon
American Printing House for the Blind, 1993
Tactile book with braille text.

Keller, Holly
Geraldine's blanket
American Printing House for the Blind, 1993
Tactile book with braille text.

Mantacheti, Tiziana
Ladybird goes to the mountain
Tactus, 2004
ISBN 2911782828
Story for young children with movable tactile graphics and Braille text. Winner of the 2004 Tactus award (under 7 years category). 

Ripley, Marion
Choosy Charlie: a book for children with clever fingers
ClearVision, 1998
ISBN 1858782430
Suitable for visually impaired children who are developing tactile skills.  Should be used with adult supervision.

Ripley, Marion
Giant's boot: a book for children with clever fingers
ClearVision, 1998
ISBN 1858782422
Suitable for visually impaired children who are developing tactile skills.  Should be used with adult supervision.

Ripley, Marion & Backhouse, Colin
Private and confidential
Frances Lincoln, 2003
ISBN 1845070518
Children's story about two penfriends where one of them turns out to be blind. Picture book with standard text.

Stratton, Josephine
Caterpillar
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991
Tactile book with braille text.

Stratton, Josephine M
Bumpy rolls away
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991
Tactile book with braille text.

Wright, Suzette
Gobs and gobs of gum
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991
Tactile book with braille text.

Wright, Suzette
Jennifer's messes
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991
Tactile book with braille text.

Wright, Suzette
Longest noodle
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991
Tactile book with braille text.

Wright, Suzette
Roly-poly man
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991
Tactile book with braille text.

Wright, Suzette
Silly squiggles
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991
Tactile book with braille text.

Wright, Suzette
That terrible awful day
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991
Tactile book with braille text.

Wright, Suzette
That's not my bear
American Printing House for the Blind, 1993
Tactile book with braille text.

Wright, Suzette & Stratton, Josephine M
Something special
American Printing House for the Blind, 1991

Tactile book with braille text.