University of Edinburgh

Getting it Right: Teaching a Child who is Blind in Mainstream Nursery and Primary


McCall, Steve; McLinden, Mike; Douglas, Graeme
Review of the literature into effective practice in teaching literacy through braille
University of Birmingham, 2011
A literature review of braille literacy, gathering information on current braille reading schemes, application of findings to UK context, and recommendations to maximise impact on educational practice and teacher training.

Millar, Susanna
Reading by touch
Routledge, 1997
ISBN 041506838X
Examines the perceptual, linguistic and cognitive processes involved in reading by touch. Draws on research with novice and fluent braille readers. Other tactile systems are also considered.

Olson, Myrna R
Guidelines and games for teaching efficient Braille reading
AFB, 1981
ISBN 0891281053
Intended for parents, pre-school workers and teachers of the visually impaired to help young learners acquire Braille skills

Ripley, Marion
Choosy Charlie: a book for children with clever fingers
ClearVision, 1998
ISBN 1858782430
Suitable for visually impaired children who are developing tactile skills. Should be used with adult supervision.

Swenson, Anna M
Beginning with Braille: firsthand experiences with a balanced approach to literacy
AFB, 1999
ISBN 0891283234
Creative and practical strategies for designing and delivering high-quality Braille literacy instruction.

Swenson, Anna & D'Andrea, Frances Mary
Braille trail: an activity book
AFB, 2002
ISBN 0891288546
A set of games, puzzles and other activities intended to show children the meaning and importance of Braille. Accompanied by a parent/teacher guide.

Wormsley, Diane P
Braille literacy: a functional approach
AFB, 2003
ISBN 0891288767
Describes approaches to teaching braille reading and writing to children (and adults) taking the individual learner's needs into account.

Wormsley, Diane P & D'Andrea, Frances Mary
Instructional strategies for Braille literacy
AFB, 1997
ISBN 0891289364
Collects a wide range of experience and practical strategies for teaching braille to learners.


When is the right time to learn braille?
Jul/Aug 2014, No 52, p32-33
An article by a young visually impaired person who hated braille to begin with, discusses how she changed her mind.

Brackenridge, Elaine & Sugden, Janis
Introducing braille: taking the risk
Sept/Oct 2011, No 35, p27-29
Discusses the first steps to beginning braille with young children.

Crawford, Shauna; Elliott, Robert T; Hoekman, Katherine
Phoneme, grapheme, onset-rime and word analysis in Braille with young children
British Journal of Visual Impairment
Sept 2006, Vol 24 (3), p108-116
A study of sighted children's responses to different methods of teaching Braille letters.

Danby, Brenda
Teaching Braille in a mainstream school
Spring 1995, No 13, p9-10
A support teacher describes how she approached teaching braille to a blind pupil in a mainstream classroom.

Fellows, Janice
Fantastic fingers
Jan/Feb 2010, No 25, p26-28
Pre-braille skills for young visually impaired children

Garscadden, Moira & Fox, Linda
Grade 1 Braille in the spotlight
May/Jun 2008, No 15, p20-22
Focus on grade 1 Braille for early literacy learning.

Holbrook, Cay
Print or Braille? Choosing the best medium for young learners
Jul/Aug 2007, No 10, p10-13
Looks at the factors involved in choosing to teach visually impaired children to read by Braille or print.

Jones, Angela & Wilson, Claire
Debating Braille
Summer 2005, No 44, p28-32
The debate about teaching grade 1 or 2 Braille from two viewpoints.

Keil, Sue & Cobb, Rory
What is the teaching assistant's role in teaching braille?
Jan/Feb 2012, No 37, p11-13
Looks at the research which covers the teaching assistant's role when children are being taught braille.

Kenworthy, Jan
Breaking the Braille code
Jul/Aug 2007, No 10, p14-17
Describes a case study of a young Braille learner learning grades 1 and 2 side by side.

Lamb, Gayle
Dots for tots: emergent literacy and Braille reading
British Journal of Visual Impairment
September 1998, Vol 16 (3), p111-115
Looks at the development of pre-reading skills for young children who will be using braille and the development of literacy.

Leong, Susan
Adding more spice to a braille literacy programme
Autumn 2005, No 45, p5-7
Tried and tested activities for children when learning braille and to improve literacy.

Lumley, Peter
Early Braille literacy
May/June 2006, No 3, p12-17
Follows a young blind pupil as she progresses through her first term at a mainstream primary.

Macleod, Sharon
Fantastic fingers
May/Jun 2014, No 51, p34
How do you introduce pre-braille skills to a child who doesn't like to touch?

Norman, Jackie
Tactile picture books: their importance for young blind children
British Journal of Visual Impairment
September 2003, Vol 21 (3), p111-114
The mother of a blind toddler calls for more "picture books" in tactile form to encourage a love of reading and books before Braille skills are fluent.

Winberg, Annica; Ronnback, Anders; de Verdier, Kim
Inclusion in Swedish classrooms
The Educator
Jul 2010, Vol XXIII (1), p30-33
Project to investigate factors for successful learning in inclusive settings for braille users.