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Bibliography - First steps to teaching Braille



Agélii, Margareta & Rönnbäck, Anders
Teaching Braille to beginners by using a computer
Tomteboda Resource Centre, 1998
ISSN: 1103-5080
Pupils were studied using a braille keyboard with a PC to see the effect this equipment had on their reading and writing and any social effects within the mainstream classroom. TRC Report No 17, ISRN TRC-R--17--SE

Braille Authority of the United Kingdom (BAUK)
British Braille: a restatement of standard English Braille
RNIB, 2004
ISBN: 0901797901
The codebook for standard English Braille.

Burns, Mary F
Burns Braille transcription dictionary
AFB, 1991
ISBN: 0891282327

Danielson, Ena
Teach yourself to sight read Braille: a workbook
RVIB, 1990
ISBN: 0949390054
RVIB Burwood Educational Series No 6.

Danielson, Ena & Lamb, Gayle
Beginning reading / writing for Braille or print users: a teacher's guide to the psycholinguistic viewpoint
RVIB, 1983
ISBN: 0949390046
RVIB Burwood Educational Series No 5.

Keil, Sue & Clunies-Ross, Louise
Report of research study into teaching braille to children in schools
RNIB, 2002
A study arising from concerns that there is a decline in braille use in schools in Britain.

Lorimer, John
Check your Braille: signs and basic rules of grade 2 Braille
RNIB, 1993
ISBN: 1858780225

Lorimer, John
Lorimer Braille recognition test: a test of ability in reading braille contractions
Royal School for the Blind, 1962
Includes Braille insert in one copy

Lorimer, John; McCall, Steve; Lorimer, Pam
Birmingham Braille course for those wishing to read and write Braille visually
NLB, 1994

Meek, Moira
Read on: Braille materials for the 5-14 curriculum
Scottish Office, 1997
ISBN: 1858781337

Millar, Susanna
Reading by touch
Routledge, 1997
ISBN: 041506838X

Nolan, Carson Y & Kederis, Cleves J
Perceptual factors in Braille word recognition
American Printing House for the Blind, 1969
This research represents an attempt to understand how Braille is read.

Olson, Myrna R
Guidelines and games for teaching efficient Braille reading
AFB, 1981
ISBN: 0891281053
Intended for parents, pre-school workers and teachers of the visually impaired to help young learners acquire Braille skills

Ripley, Marion & Backhouse, Colin
Private and confidential
Frances Lincoln, 2003
ISBN: 1845070518
Children's story about two penfriends where one of them turns out to be blind. Picture book with standard text.

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Braille primer: based on British Braille (rev ed 2005)
RNIB, 2005
ISBN: 1858786576
An up-to-date overview of British Braille split into lessons and exercises.

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Braillists' manual
RNIB, 1991
ISBN: 0901797707

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Information on learning Braille (RNIB Factsheet)
RNIB, 2000
(RNIB Factsheet)

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Neale analysis of reading ability (NARA): University of Birmingham Braille version
RNIB/NFER-Nelson, 1997
ISBN: 0090006178
Includes: Print manual; Braille manual; Braille book of stories (Form 1); Braille book of stories (Form 2); Braille optional diagnostic test for stories 1 & 2 and 2 packs of Record forms for forms 1 and 2  One copy for Reference only

Sewell, Debra
Assessment kit: kit of informal tools for academic students with visual impairments: part 3: Braille reading assessments for student use
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, 2001
From the "Basic reading inventory" by Jerry L Johns

Swenson, Anna M
Beginning with Braille: firsthand experiences with a balanced approach to literacy
AFB, 1999
ISBN: 0891283234
Creative and practical strategies for designing and delivering high-quality Braille literacy instruction.

Swenson, Anna & D'Andrea, Frances Mary
Braille trail: an activity book
AFB, 2002
ISBN: 0891288546
A set of games, puzzles and other activities intended to show children the meaning and importance of Braille. Accompanied by a parent /teacher guide.

Tobin, Michael J
Programmed instruction and Braille learning: an experimental and multivariate investigation of some teaching and psychological variables
RCEVH, 1971
Report of a project funded by the Leverhulme Trust Fund. Investigates the possibility of self-instructional programmes to learn Braille for newly-blinded adolescents and adults.

Tooze, F H G
Tooze Braille speed test: a test of basic ability in reading Braille
College of Teachers of the Blind, 1962
A test which gives a quick appraisal of the child's ability to read Braille characters.

Wormsley, Diane P
Braille literacy: a functional approach
AFB, 2003
ISBN: 0891288767

Wormsley, Diane P & D'Andrea, Frances Mary
Instructional strategies for Braille literacy
AFB, 1997
ISBN: 0891289364



Leland, Jon
Understanding Braille literacy
AFB, nd
ISBN 0891282629
Duration 25 mins  Covers the critical components of a successful Braille education programme. Teachers and students demonstrate how Braille is learned and used from preschool to high school.

Moray House Institute of Education
Let your fingers do the reading
Moray House ETV, 1995
Duration 25 minutes.



Arter, Christine
Braille dyslexia: Does it exist?
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 1998, Vol 16 (2), p61

Arter, Christine
Braille dyslexia: does it exist?
Visability Spring 1995, ,No 13, p11-12
An investigation of the possibility of Braille dyslexia in children who succeed in many areas of the curriculum but have unexplained difficulties with reading braille.

Arter, Chris & Layton, Lyn
Reading preferences of pupils with visual impairment
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2000, Vol 18 (1), p41-44
Results of a survey of braille users in mainstream and special schools into their reading habits.

Clunies-Ross, Louise
Braille: did you know?
Visability Summer 2005, No 44, p27-28
Facts about Braille code and its use reported in a recent RNIB study.

Coppins, Natasha & Barlow-Brown, Fiona
Reading difficulties in blind, braille-reading children
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2006, Vol 24 (1) p37-39
Describes a new project where the problems that children have reading Braille will be analysed.

Danby, Brenda
Teaching Braille in a mainstream school
Visability Spring 1995, No 13, p9-10
A support teacher describes how she approached teaching braille to a blind pupil in a mainstream classroom.

Franks, Julie
To Braille, or not to Braille? That is the question.
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 1998, Vol 16 (2), p57-60
Looks at whether there is a need for rehabilitation and specialist social workers to have training in Braille.

Gonzalez Garcia, Luis
Assessment of text reading comprehension by Spanish-speaking blind persons
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2004, Vol 22 (1), p4-12
Reading comprehension of visually impaired people using Braille.

Greaney, John & Reason, Rea
Braille reading by children: Is there a phonological explanation for their difficulties?
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2000, Vol 18 (1), p35-40
Comparative study of 2 braille learners looking at phonological awareness as a factor in successful reading skills.

Hill, E W; Hill, J F; Tobin, Michael J
Braille: oral and silent reading speeds
New Beacon November 1999, No 980, p4-6
Adult Braille readers are tested to see how proficient they are to inform future planning and teaching of Braille skills.

Jennings, Julie
Print or Braille: decision-making in the choice of the primary literacy medium for pupils with a severe visual impairment
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 1999, Vol 17 (1), p11

Johnston, Dolores
I have mastered the Braille code but no one has taught me how to teach it
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2004, Vol 22 (1), p17-24
Looks at the qualifications and training of staff who teach braille in schools.

Jones, Angela & Wilson, Claire
Debating Braille
Visability Summer 2005, No 44, p28-32
The debate about teaching grade 1 or 2 Braille from two viewpoints.

Keil, Sue
Teaching Braille to children
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2004, Vol 22 (1), p13-16
Looks at the numbers of children learning braille in Britain and the types of teachers involved

Leong, Susan
Adding more spice to a braille literacy programme
Visability Autumn 2005, No 45, p5-7
Tried and tested activities for children when learning braille and to improve literacy.

Lorimer, Pamela
Hand techniques in reading Braille: synthesis of spatial and verbal elements of reading
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 2002, Vol 20 (2), p76-79
Literature review of techniques used in reading braille with some discussion of applying the findings in the learning situation.

Randall, Alice Chenneour
Working with learners with specific Braille learning difficulties
Insight Jan/Feb 2007, No 7, p30-32
An investigation into possible dyslexia experienced by some Braille users.

Rogers, Sue
Learning Braille and print together: the mainstream issues
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 2007, Vol 25 (2), p120-132
A study of children in mainstream schools who are accessing the curriculum using a combination of Braille and print resources.

Sanders, John
How important is braille?
NB Jan 2009 , No 37, p35-39
Outlines the continued importance of Braille for blind people despite the proliferation of alternative methods to access information such as screenreaders, audio books etc.

Shipway, Jane
Capital offence: Does Braille capitalisation affect reading performance?
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 1999, Vol 17 (2), p54

Stone, Juliet
Reading through Braille
Visability Spring 1995, No 13, p5-6
Describes the issues encountered by children learning Braille.

Taylor, David
How braille is surviving the computer age
NB Jan 2009, No 37, p30-32
Looks at the ways in which braille is responding to and benefiting from developments in technology.

Wells-Jensen, Sheri; Gosche, Bradley; Burke, Sean
Writing of braille: hand, finger, and frequency effects on error and accuracy patterns
British Journal of Visual Impairment January 2008, Vol 26 (1), p82-98
A case study of one expert braillist to discover patterns of error and accuracy.

Wilson, Claire
Could Braille help your child?
Look Spring 2006, No 43, p20-24
Discusses whether Braille use should be encouraged more often for children who are struggling with very large print.

Wilson, Claire
Encouraging braillists to become bookworms: what’s new ... and what next?
Visability Spring 1999, No 25, p15
An update on reading schemes for children who are learning to read Braille.

Wilson, Claire
Measuring literacy achievement
Insight Jul/Aug 2009, No 22, p12-13
Explores issues surrounding Braille literacy and the mainstream curriculum.


PreSchool & Primary Education


Carter, David A
Feely bugs: a touch and feel bugs book
Orchard Picture Books, 1995
ISBN: 1852139811
Standard children's picture book with tactile elements, adapted to include braille translations of the text.

Cowell, Cressida & Ellis, Andy
One too many tigers
Hodder Children's Books, 2001
ISBN: 0340792140
Standard children's picture book, adapted to include braille translations of the text.

Ferrazzano, Beatrice & Botta, M Rosaria
Like a tiny little ant
Tactus, 2004
ISBN: 2911782925
Story for children with tactile graphics and Braille text. Winner of the 2004 Tactus award (7-12 years category). 

Mantacheti, Tiziana
Ladybird goes to the mountain
Tactus, 2004
ISBN: 2911782828
Story for young children with movable tactile graphics and Braille text. Winner of the 2004 Tactus award (under 7 years category). 

Ripley, Marion
Choosy Charlie: a book for children with clever fingers
ClearVision, 1998 ISBN 1858782430
Suitable for visually impaired children who are developing tactile skills. Should be used with adult supervision.

Ripley, Marion
Giant's boot: a book for children with clever fingers
ClearVision, 1998
ISBN: 1858782422
Suitable for visually impaired children who are developing tactile skills. Should be used with adult supervision.

Royal National Institute for the Blind (RNIB)
Braille for infants: a preschool and infant level reading scheme: teacher's handbook (rev ed)
RNIB, 2006
Describes a reading scheme and activities for young children beginning to learn Braille.



Crawford, Shauna; Elliott, Robert T; Hoekman, Katherine
Phoneme, grapheme, onset-rime and word analysis in Braille with young children
British Journal of Visual Impairment Sept 2006, Vol 24 (3), p108-116
A study of sighted children's responses to different methods of teaching Braille letters.

Fellows, Janice
Fantastic fingers
Insight Jan/Feb 2010, No 25, p26-28
Pre-braille skills for young visually impaired children

Garscadden, Moira & Fox, Linda
Grade 1 Braille in the spotlight
Insight May/Jun 2008, No 15, p20-22
Focus on grade 1 Braille for early literacy learning.

Holbrook, Cay
Print or Braille? Choosing the best medium for young learners
Insight Jul/Aug 2007, No 10, p10-13
Looks at the factors involved in choosing to teach visually impaired children to read by Braille or print.

Jennings Julie
Interpreting the latest phonics guidelines
Insight May/Jun 2008, No 15, p23-24
Looks at the teaching of phonics and how this relates to young learners of Braille.

Kenworthy, Jan
Breaking the Braille code
Insight Jul/Aug 2007, No 10, p14-17
Describes a case study of a young Braille learner learning grades 1 and 2 side by side.

Lamb, Gayle
Dots for tots: emergent literacy and Braille reading
British Journal of Visual Impairment September 1998, Vol 16 (3), p111

Lumley, Peter
Braille, buns and stink bombs
Insight Jul/Aug 2007, No 10, p20-22
Follow-up on a young girl making progress with Braille and beginning to use a computer.

Lumley, Peter
Early Braille literacy
Insight May/June 2006, No 3, p12-17
Follows a young blind pupil as she progresses through her first term at a mainstream primary.

Older Pupils


Fitzsimons, Stella
Spot the dot: a course for latecomers to Braille (pupils of average ability between the ages of 12 and 16)
RNIB, 1988
Books 1-3, 7-12 (Braille) and Teacher's Handbook (Braille)

Lorimer, John
Braille in easy steps: a course for latecomers to Braille (pupils of average ability between the ages of 10 and 14)
RNIB, 1988
ISBN: 0901797340
Books 1-14 (Braille), Teachers Handbook (Print) and Teacher's handbook (Braille)



Duffy, Julie
Day in the life of Julie Duffy, braille teacher
NB Jan 2009, No 37, p47-49
Julie is the Visually Impaired Services supervisor at Portsmouth Central Library and tutors adults in Braille as part of that job.

Goudiras, Dimitrios B ... [et al]
Factors affecting the reading media used by visually impaired adults
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 2009, Vol 27 (2), p111-127
An examination of the reading media of visually impaired adults (braille, screen readers, low vision aids, audio cassettes).

Harrison, Frances
Teaching braille to latecomers in the 12-16 age range
British Journal of Visual Impairment Summer 1987, Vol 5 (2), p45-49
Approaches and methods for teaching and motivating youngsters to use Braille.

Ingraham, Cynthia L & Andrews, Jean F
Hands and reading: What deafblind adult readers tell us
British Journal of Visual Impairment May 2010, Vol 28 (2), p130-138
Study of three deafblind adults who read successfully to analyse their different strategies for reading.