Ideas to assist visual difficulties due to brain damage
The following ideas have all been suggested by parents and carers
and patients with visual difficulties due to brain problems. Not all
the ideas will be useful to everyone. It may be that only one or two
of the ideas will actually help to make a difference. We are always
looking for more ideas and suggestions to add to this list. Please
me if you wish to add any other suggestions or change some of the ideas
that you think are wrong or wish to improve upon.
Strategies, which were described as proving helpful with activities for daily living
|Problem||Approaches||Variations / developments|
|Difficulty finding clothes||
Hanging vertical wardrobe pockets with the day's
clothes inside, stored from bottom up (lower visual field impairment
inhibits downward search)
Place a day's outfit on the one coat hanger.
Place clothes in accessible drawers eg; tops in top, vests in next drawer, pants next etc (limit the amount in each drawer).
Place shoes at eye level
|Missing food on plate||
Plain plates without pattern. Use coloured place mat under
plate to highlight
Teach child to turn the plate round
Keep portions of food separate and don't overlap
Provide bright foodstuffs of different colours
|Completing homework independently||
Clear 'work zone' in bedroom and 'walls' round the computer
if one is used.
Use labelled shelves for storing schoolbooks or plastic storage
Ensure all school based equipment is also available at home eg; Typoscope, sloping board, magnifying aids
Cover books with coloured coded paper, symbols
or pictures to speed up selection
Factor in breaks; choose optimum time of day where possible
The child may need a physical activity prior to settling down
|Difficulty selecting and playing independently with toys||
Keep background plain eg; bedspread, carpets
and store in clear boxes.
Only put a few toys out at one time (rotate them).
Try clear boxes or labelled toy cupboard with
grouped toys on shelves.
Put pictures or numbers on boxes.
For younger children, select simple non-complex toys, that is,
2 properties maximum, eg; Post and collect.
Beware of toys which over stimulate or are too 'busy' or 'noisy'
|Difficulty reading for pleasure||
Ensure optimum print size and font with optimum
spacing between words and between lines, not exceeding the amount
of text the child can cope with.
Photocopy and enlarge material.
Look for clear pictures with not too much detail or clutter.
Photocopy a few pages at a time and encourage
the child to increase the amount to read to provide sense of
achievement and increased concentration.
Occlude text with a Typoscope, or with a card covering the text which has just been read