University of Edinburgh

Scottish Sensory Centre Braille Competency Glossary

(c) SSC 2010

Defnitions of terms

Abbreviation - another word for a shortform.

Simple Sign - a sign occupying one cell only.

Composite sign - a sign occupying two or more cells.

Upper sign - a sign containing dot 1, or dot 4, or both.

Lower sign - a sign containing neither dot 1 nor dot 4.

Contraction - a sign expressing a word, or two or more letters which form part of a word.

Wordsign - a sign expressing a whole word.

Groupsign - a contraction which represents a group of letters.

Shortform - a contraction consisting of a word specially abbreviated in braille.