University of Edinburgh

Language and Accessibility Issues in Curriculum and Assessment plus workshops in Art & Design, Modern Languages, Environmental Studies

Presented in November 2005

English verb groups

Hilary McColl

(Notes to accompany MLG’s Vital Verbs Kit, showing how they might be grouped for teaching and practising English verb forms.)

Regular Verbs (Group 1) (to — / —ed / —ed)
Set a) in past tenses -ed adds sound [t] to the last syllable
Set b) in past tenses –ed adds sound [d] to the last syllable
Set c) in past tenses –ed adds an additional syllable
Set d) in past tenses – ed is added but there are spelling irregularities

Card Set a) infinitive past tense past participle
A13 help helped helped
A16 cook cooked cooked
A25 talk talked talked
A33 work worked worked
B3 wash washed washed
B4 dress dressed dressed
B13 ask asked asked
B23 touch touched touched
B25 look looked looked
B31 laugh laughed laughed
C3 push pushed pushed
C7 pick picked picked
C15 finish finished finished
C18 jump jumped jumped
B12 dream dreamed [dremt] dreamed (but note irregular pronunciation)?
B15 spell spelled [spelt] spelled?
B24 smell smelled [smelt] smelled?

Card Set b)
A15 call called called
A28 remember remembered remembered
B14 answer answered answered
B28 listen listened listened
C1 open opened opened
C4 pull pulled pulled
C13 clean cleaned cleaned
C20 play played played

Card Set c)
A14 visit visited visited
A30 want wanted wanted
A34 rest rested rested
B16 count counted counted
B29 shout shouted shouted
C11 mend mended mended
C14 start started started
C15 end ended ended
C30 wait waited waited

Card Set d) spelling irregularities
A25 chat chatted (tt) chatted (tt)
C17 stop stopped (pp) stopped (pp)
C25 travel travelled (ll) travelled (ll)
B32 cry cried cried
C8 carry carried carried

Regular verbs (Group 2) ( — / —d / —d)

Card set a) past tense adds sound [d]
A5 die died died
A6 love loved loved
A10 argue argued argued
A15 phone phoned phoned
A23 receive received received
A31 change changed changed
C2 close closed closed
C26 arrive arrived arrived

set b) past tense adds sound [t]
A26 dance danced danced
B34 hope hoped hoped

set c) past tense adds a syllable
A7 hate hated hated

IRREGULAR VERBS (Group 1) ( — / = / = )
A3 have had had
A23 get got got
A24 meet met met
A32 buy bought bought
B11 sleep slept slept
B33 think thought thought
C5 lose lost lost
C6 find found found
C12 build built built
C22 catch caught caught
C23 win won won
C27 leave left left
C32 stand stood stood
C33 sit sat sat

Irregular verbs ( Group 2) ( — / X / —en)
A17 eat ate eaten
A20 take took taken
A22 give gave given
C19 fall fell fallen
A21 choose chose chosen
B1 wake woke woken
B27 speak spoke spoken
C10 break broke broken
A29 forget forgot forgotten ( tt)
B19 write wrote written (tt)
B20 draw drew drawn
B21 show showed shown
C12 throw threw thrown
B26 see say seen

Irregular verbs (Group 3) (vowel change)
A18 drink drank drunk
B30 sing sang sung
C14 begin began begun
C16 run ran run
C28 come came comeIrregular verbs (Group 4) ( — / — / — )
A19 cut cut cut
C9 put put put
B18 read read read (NB pronunciation)Irregular verbs (one offs)
B6 go went gone
B17 have to have to have to
NOTE on tenses
(Shoebox theatre)
Make, or imagine, an old-fashioned shoebox theatre, or imagine you are making a video.
Present simple, present continuous
There are (at least) two layers of action. One is the action being focused on, what the actors do, ie actions which begin and end as we watch (present simple) and the background to that (present continuous).
Describe the scene when the curtains open for our attention. The sun is shining, the villagers are standing around in the street as if they are waiting for something to happen. They are chatting happily to one another. Some are wearing festive clothes, others are hurrying home to change out of their working gear. One wee boy is playing with a spinning top.
Suddenly the music changes; the sky grows dark, the people look fearful. Lightning flashes. A tall dark-haired man strides onto the stage. He is wearing a heavy black cloak and is holding a large scroll in his hand. (ie. backround information, not what he does) He pauses centre stage, opens the scroll and begins to read from it in a load, rough voice.
“All those who are living in houses which belong to Squire Benchley (- that’s the background to the story-) must pack up their belongings immediately. The Squire is going to (ie has already decided this will happen soon) knock down the old houses and (he is going to - understood) build a fine new manor for himself.”
The villagers look shocked …Past tenses
Retell the story as if telling someone else about it later. What happens to each of the verbs? Is there any pattern to this?